مقایسه تأثیر سه سناریوی آموزش به شیوه ترکیبی در ارتقاء میزان یادگیری و یادداری علوم بهداشتی در دانش‌آموزان ابتدایی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشگاه ایلام

2 دانش آموخته تکنولوژی آموزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحدکرمانشاه

چکیده

این پژوهش، با استفاده از یک طرح نیمه آزمایشی با پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون و با هدف بررسی و مقایسه تأثیر سه سناریوی آموزش ترکیبی در ارتقاء میزان یادگیری و یادداری مباحث بهداشت فردی و عمومی دانش‌آموزان دوره‌ ابتدایی شهرستان ایلام در سال 1391 صورت گرفته است. به این منظور، از یک مدرسه ابتدایی پسرانه، سه کلاس انتخاب و با رعایت اصل انتساب تصادفی، هر کلاس در یکی از گروه‌های سه‌گانه شامل آموزش با استفاده از چند‌رسانه‌ای دیجیتال و نقشه‌های مفهومی ساده،  نقشه‌های مفهومی استدلالی و روش رایج (سخنرانی، بحث و پرسش و پاسخ) جای داده شدند. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون تجزیه و تحلیل یک‌طرفه واریانس و آزمون تعقیبی حداقل اختلاف تفاوت معنادار (LSD‌)‌ استفاده گردید. نتایج این مطالعه نشان می‌داد که بین میزان یادگیری مباحث بهداشت فردی و بهداشت عمومی دانش‌آموزان سه گروه تفاوت معناداری وجود دارد و میزان ضریب اتا نشان ‌داد که نوع روش آموزشی، 6 درصد واریانس ‌میزان یادگیر‌ی و 9 درصد واریانس میزان یادداری را تبیین می‌نماید. هم‌چنین، نتایج آزمون LSD نشان می‌داد که ترکیب آموزش با استفاده از چند‌رسانه‌ای دیجیتال و روش نقشه‌های مفهومی ساده از دو روش دیگر در افزایش سطح دانش سلامت دانش‌آموزان مؤثر‌تر بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Comparative Study of the Effects of Three Blended Learning Scenarios in Promoting Health Knowledge Level among Elementary Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Mahdizadeh 1
  • Roghieh Fathi 2
1 Assistant Professor, Ilam University
2 M. A. Graduated of Educational Technology, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah Branch
چکیده [English]

This study has been conducted in a quasi-experimental design with pre-test post-test approach to compare the effects of three blended learning scenarios in promoting health information and knowledge among elementary students of Ilam in 2013. To do so, three classes were selected randomly in one of the male elementary schools and each class was randomly assigned to one of the three groups: teaching with use of digital multimedia and simple conceptual maps, complex conceptual maps, and the popular method (lecture, discussion, and question and answer). One way analysis of Variance and LSD test were used for data analysis. The results of the study indicated that there was a significant difference between learning levels of health information and knowledge of the three groups, and Eta coefficient revealed that the type of teaching method accounts for 6 percent of learning variance and 9 percent of knowledge variance. Besides, LSD test results revealed that blending teaching methods using digital multimedia and simple conceptual maps proved to be more effective than the other two methods in increasing students’ level  of health knowledge.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Health Teaching
  • Blended Teaching
  • Simple Conceptual Maps
  • Complex Conceptual Maps
  • Digital Multimedia
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