رابطه میزان استفاده از رسانه‌های جمعی (با تأکید بر تلویزیون) با ارتقای سطح سواد زیست‎محیطی معلمان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه علمی آموزش محیط زیست دانشگاه پیام نور، مرکز تهران

2 دانشیار گروه علمی علوم تربیتی دانشگاه پیام نور، مرکز تهران

3 دانش‎آموخته کارشناسی ارشد علوم تربیتی برنامه‌ریزی درسی دانشگاه پیام نور، تهران

4 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت محیط زیست، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد علوم تحقیقات، تهران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر، با هدف بررسی رابطه میزان استفاده از رسانه‌های جمعی (با تأکید بر تلویزیون) با ارتقای سطح سواد زیست‌محیطی معلمان مقطع راهنمایی درشهر تهران انجام گرفت. این پژوهش از لحاظ ماهیت و هدف از نوع کاربردی، و از لحاظ روش پژوهش، توصیفی از نوع همبستگی است. جامعه آماری پژوهش، شامل کلیه معلمان مقطع راهنمایی شهر تهران بوده که با توجه به حجم 9899 نفری جامعه پژوهش و با استفاده از فرمول کوکران، تعداد 370 نفر از آنان به‌عنوان نمونه، از مناطق 19 گانه شهر تهران و با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای انتخاب شدند. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها، پرسش‌نامه محقق ساخته بود که روایی صوری و محتوایی پرسش‌نامه با بهره‌گیری از نظرات کارشناسان محیط‌زیست و آموزش و پرورش مورد تأیید قرارگرفت و پایایی پرسش‌نامه براساس ضریب آلفای کرونباخ 79/0 برآورد گردید. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها با استفاده از آمار توصیفی (فراوانی و درصد) و آمار استنباطی (آزمون همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون چند‌گانه) و از طریق نرم‌افزار SPSS انجام شد. نتایج پژوهش به لحاظ آماری بیان‌گر آن بود که بین میزان تماشای رسانه‌های جمعی (با ﺗﺄکید بر تلویزیون) و سطح دانش، نگرش، رفتار و به‌طورکلی سطح سواد زیست‌محیطی معلمان رابطه وجود دارد. هم‌چنین، نتایج آزمون رگرسیون چندمتغیره نشان ‌داد، با توجه به ضریب همبستگی چندگانه (809/0 =R)، شدت رابطه بین متغیرهای ملاک و متغیر پیش‌بین بسیار قوی و اثر‌گذار بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Using Mass Media (with Emphasis on TV) and Promotion of Teachers' Environmental Literacy

نویسندگان [English]

  • Seyed Mohammad Shobeiri 1
  • Mehran Farajollahi 2
  • Elham Koohi Aghdam 3
  • Hossein Meiboudi Meiboudi 4
1 Associate Professor, Department of Environmental Education, Payam-e- Noor University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Educational sciences, Payam-e- Noor University, Tehran, Iran
3 M.A. in Educational sciences, Payam -e -Noor University, Tehran, Iran
4 PhD Student in Environmental Management, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study aimed to examine the role of mass media (with emphasis on TV) in promoting environmental literacy in secondary school teachers in Tehran. The nature and purpose of this study was applied, and in terms of research method it was descriptive and correlational. The statistical society included a total of 9899 secondary school teachers in Tehran among which 370 were selected as a sample from 19 districts of Tehran using cluster sampling and Cochran formula. The tool for collecting data was researcher-made questionnaire whose content and face validity were approved by environment and education experts. The reliability of the questionnaire based on Chronbach's alpha coefficient was 0.79. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics (frequency and percentage) and inferential statistics (Pearson's correlation and multiple Regression) as well as SPSS software. The results indicated that there was a relationship between the amount of watching media (with emphasis on TV) and the level of knowledge, attitude, behavior and the overall environmental literacy of teachers. Further, multiple logistic regression analysis showed that, according to multiple correlation coefficient (R=0.809), the intensity of the relationship between the criterion and predictor variables was very strong and effective.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Mass Media
  • Television
  • Environmental Education
  • Environmental Literacy
  • teachers
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