اینترنت و دین‌داری جوانان (مورد: دختران و پسران 19 تا 30 ساله شهر اصفهان)

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار جامعه‌شناسی دانشگاه امام حسین(ع)

چکیده

اینترنت، یکی از ارکان اساسی جوامع مدرن بوده که بخش‌های مختلف جامعه را تحت تأثیر قرار داده است، اما تاکنون تحقیقات اندکی در خصوص تأثیرات اینترنت بر دین‌داری انجام شده است. از آنجا که جوانان، بخش مهمی از ساختار اجتماعی ایران هستند، تحقیق حاضر، به بررسی و تبیین رابطه اینترنت با دین‌داری جوانان پرداخته است. روش تحقیق حاضر، از نوع همبستگی و ابزار جمع‌آوری اطلاعات پرسش‌نامه بوده است. اطلاعات تحقیق، با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری از بین جوانان شهر اصفهان (384 نفر) گردآوری شده است. پایایی پرسش‌نامه دین‌داری و اینترنت به ترتیب 93/0 و 78/0 گزارش شده است. نتایج توصیفی نشان داد که استفاده از اینترنت در جوانان کمتر از حد متوسط و دین‌داری جوانان بیشتر از حد متوسط می‌باشد. تحلیل همبستگی نشان از وجود رابطه خیلی ضعیف منفی بین اینترنت و دین‌داری داشته است. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون معرف آن است که از بین انواع هشت‌گانه استفاده از اینترنت، تنها سه نوع چت کردن، کار و تحصیل و بازی و سرگرمی؛ بیشترین عوامل مؤثر بر دین‌داری جوانان بوده‎اند. نتایج تحلیل مسیر نشان داد که سه متغیر پایگاه اجتماعی اقتصادی (27/0-)، استفاده از اینترنت (16/0-) و حوزه اجتماعی شهری (13/0-) به ترتیب بیشترین تأثیر منفی را بر دین‌داری جوانان داشته‌اند. متغیر طبقه اجتماعی به واسطه استفاده از اینترنت به طور غیرمستقیم نیز در دین‌داری جوانان تأثیرگذار بوده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Internet and Youth Religiosity (Case: 19-30-Year-Old Girls and Boys in Isfahan)

نویسنده [English]

  • Mohammad Ali Zaki
Associate Professor of Imam Hossein University
چکیده [English]

The internet is one of the basic principles of modern societies which has affected different parts of society. Little research has been conducted on the impact of the internet on religiosity. Youth is an important part of the social structure of Iran, so the study examined and explained the impact of the Internet on youth religiosity. The research method was correlation and data collection instrument was a questionnaire. The data were collected by using sampling among the city's youth (n = 384). Reliabilities of religiosity and Internet questionnaire were 0.93 and 0.78, respectively. Descriptive results indicated that the youth's use of the Internet was below the average and their religiosity was above the average. Correlation analysis showed a very weak negative relationship between the internet and religiosity. Regression analysis indicated that among the eight types of internet use, only three types of chatting, work and education, and games and entertainment had the most influence on religiosity. The results of path analysis showed that the three variables of socio-economic status (- 0.27), internet usage (- 0.16), and urban social area (- 0.13) had the highest negative impact on religiosity. Through use of Internet, social class variable had an indirect influence on the youth religiosity.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • religiosity
  • Internet usage
  • youths
  • Isfahan city
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