بررسی وضعیت مدارس هوشمند بر اساس استانداردها و مقایسه عملکرد تحصیلی و تفکر انتقادی دانش آموزان آن با مدارس عادی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت آموزشی دانشگاه الزهرا

2 استادیار گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه الزهرا

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی وضعیت مدارس هوشمند بر اساس استانداردها و مقایسه عملکرد آن با مدارس عادی می‌باشد. روش پژوهش، پیمایشی است. جامعه آماری، شامل کلیه مدارس متوسطه دخترانه شهر یزد می‌باشد که از بین آنها، دو دبیرستان عادی به روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای و دو دبیرستان هوشمند به روش سرشماری انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش شامل چک لیست ارزیابی مدارس هوشمند (مشاهده) برای بررسی وضعیت کنونی مدارس و پرسش‌نامه تفکر انتقادی و معدل سال سوم برای اندازه‌گیری عملکرد دانش‌آموزان می‌باشد. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها، از نرم‌افزار SPSS و برای آزمون سؤالات پژوهش، از آمار توصیفی و استنباطی (آزمون t مستقل) استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که وضعیت کنونی مدارس هوشمند از نظر محتوای یاددهی ـ یادگیری، زیرساخت فاوا، معلمان آموزش‌دیده و ارتباط رایانه‌ای با مدارس در سطح پایین و تنها در مؤلفه استفاده مدیران از رایانه ‌در سطح مطلوب قرار دارد. هم‌چنین، بین عملکرد دانش‌آموزان مدارس هوشمند با عادی از نظر تفکر انتقادی، تفاوت معنادار وجود نداشت ولی در زمینه پیشرفت تحصیلی (معدل) تفاوت معنادار بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Survey of the Status of Smart Schools based on Standards and Comparison of its Students Academic Performance and Critical Thinking with Public Schools

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Heidari 1
  • Mojdeh Vaziri 2
  • Fariba Adli 2
1 M.A. Student in Educational Administration, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Educational Administration Department, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study aimed to investigate the status of smart schools based on standards and to compare its performance with that of public schools. The study method was descriptive survey. The statistical population included all girl secondary schools in city of Yazd. Two public high schools were selected via cluster sampling, and two smart schools were selected via census method. Instruments included smart schools evaluation check list (observation) to examine the present status of the schools, critical thinking skills test, and third grade average to measure academic achievements of the students. SPSS software was used for data analysis, and descriptive and inferential statistics (t test) were used to test the research questions. The findings showed that the current status of smart schools was in low level with respect to teaching-learning content, ICT infrastructure, trained teachers and computer communication with the schools. Only with respect to principals' use of computers it was in accepted level. Also, there was not a significant difference between smart school students' performance and that of the public school students in critical thinking but in academic achievement there was significant difference. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Smart schools
  • Standards
  • Schools Performance
  • Critical Thinking
  • academic achievement
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