بررسی میزان استفاده دانشجویان تحصیلات تکمیلی دانشگاه تهران از تلفن همراه جهت مقاصد آموزشی و عمومی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد آموزش بزرگسالان دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشیار گروه روش‌ها و برنامه‌های آموزشی و درسی دانشگاه تهران

3 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت آموزش عالی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، مشخص کردن میزان استفاده دانشجویان تحصیلات تکمیلی (کارشناسی‌ارشد و دکتری) دانشگاه تهران از تلفن همراه جهت مقاصد آموزشی و عمومی می‌باشد. جهت نیل به این هدف، با استفاده از روش تحقیق توصیفی- پیمایشی به بررسی دیدگاه‌های دانشجویان پرداخته شد. جامعه آماری این پژوهش، شامل 12933 نفر از دانشجویان کارشناسی‌ارشد و دکتری دانشگاه تهران بودند که از این شمار، تعداد 516 دانشجو بر اساس نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌ای انتخاب شدند. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها پرسش‌نامه‌ محقق‌ساخته بود که روایی آن توسط استادان و متخصصان آموزش الکترونیکی مورد تأیید قرار گرفت و پایایی آن نیز با استفاده از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ 84/0 به‌دست آمد. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون‌های کلموگروف- اسمیرنف، تحلیل واریانس یک‌راهه، و کروسکال ـ الیس در نرم‌افزار SPSS استفاده شد. یافته‌ها نشان داد، میزان استفاده دانشجویان از قابلیت‌ها و امکانات تلفن همراه جهت مقاصد عمومی و آموزشی، کم‌تر از مقدار متوسط بوده است و تنها در بعضی از قابلیت‌ها نظیر؛ فایل صوتی، اس ام اس (پیام متنی) و مکالمه جهت مقاصد عمومی این مقدار بیش از متوسط بوده است. دیگر یافته‌ها نشان داد، استفاده عمومی از تلفن همراه بر اساس مقاطع و رشته‌های تحصیلی دانشجویان دارای تفاوت معناداری است، ولی در هیچ‌کدام از زیرگروه‌های تحصیلی در استفاده از قابلیت‌ها و امکانات تلفن همراه برای مقاصد آموزشی تفاوت معناداری مشاهده نشد. بنابراین، لازم است که استادان، جهت تشویق بیشتر جامعه دانشجویی به استفاده از فن‌آوری‌های سیار برای مقاصد آموزشی به تغییر در رویکردهای سنتی خود در فرآیند یاددهی- یادگیری مبادرت ورزند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Rate of Using Mobile Phone for Educational and General Purposes by Postgraduate Students of the University of Tehran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sarem Zafari 1
  • Norouz Ali Karamdoost 2
  • Kamal Dorrani 2
  • Mohsen Nazarzadeh Zare 3
1 MA Graduate of Adult Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Curriculum and Instructional Planning and Methods, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 PhD Student of Higher Education Administration, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this research was to determine the rate of using cell phone for educational and general purposes by postgraduate and PhD students of the University of Tehran. To obtain this goal, using a descriptive survey method, students' opinions were investigated. The statistical population consisted of 12933 postgraduate and PhD students of Tehran University, among whom a sample of 516 students were selected based on the stratified random sampling method. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire, the validity of which had been calculated by e-learning experts and supervisors. Its reliability was calculated 0.84 using Cronbach alpha coefficient. For data analysis, Kolmogorov-Smirnov, ANOVA, and Kruskal-Wallis tests in SPSS software were used. The findings showed that the rate of using mobile capabilities and features for general and educational purposes by the students was less than the average rate, and only in some capabilities, such as audio, SMS and call for general purposes was more than average. Other findings showed that general use of mobile phones was different between students based on educational degree and fields of study. Also, there was not a significant difference among educational subgroups in the usage of mobile phone capabilities and features for educational purposes. Therefore, faculty members are recommended to change their traditional approaches in teaching-learning activities to encourage more the student community to use mobile technologies for educational purposes.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • mobile learning
  • Mobile Phone
  • Electronic Learning
  • Tehran University
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