تأثیر آموزش مبتنی بر مبانی فن‎آوری‌های نوین آموزشی بر مهارت‌های زندگی دانشجویان دانشگاه‎های استان مازندران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری تکنولوژی آموزشی، دانشگاه دولتی آموزگاری، دوشنبه، تاجیکستان

2 استاد دانشگاه دولتی آموزگاری، دوشنبه، تاجیکستان

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، بررسی تأثیر آموزش مبتنی بر مبانی فن‏آوری‌های نوین آموزشی بر مهارت‌های زندگی دانشجویان دانشگاه‌های استان مازندران بود. این پژوهش از نظر هدف، کاربردی و از نظر روش، نیمه‌تجربی از نوع پیش‌آزمون و پس‌‌آزمون با گروه کنترل است. جامعه آماری آن شامل کلیه دانشجویان دانشگاه‌های استان مازندران در سال تحصیلی 92-1391 به تعداد 312586 نفر است. از بین آنها با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی خوشه‌ای، سه واحد دانشگاهی انتخاب و با روش تصادفی طبقه‌ای با رعایت نسبت‌ها، تعداد 50 نفر به عنوان نمونه آماری انتخاب شده و در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل قرار گرفتند. ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات پرسش‌نامه محقق ساخته‌ای است که دارای 45 سؤال و چهار بعد مهارتی (تصمیم‌گیری، حل مسأله، تفکر انتقادی و تفکر خلاق) می‌باشد. روایی صوری و محتوایی آن به تأیید متخصصان امر رسیده و پایایی آن با استفاده از آزمون ضریب آلفای کرونباخ، 86/0 محاسبه شده است. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون‌های تحلیل کواریانس و تی گروه‌های مستقل استفاده شده است. نتایج نشان داد که؛ آموزش مبتنی بر مبانی فن‏آوری‌های نوین آموزشی (آموزش مبتنی بر وب، رایانه و یادگیری سیار) بر مهارت‌های زندگی (تصمیم‌گیری، حل مسأله، تفکر انتقادی و تفکر خلاق) دانشجویان تأثیر معناداری دارد. هم‎چنین، تأثیر آموزش مبتنی بر مبانی فن‏آوری‌های نوین آموزشی بر مهارت‌های زندگی دانشجویان براساس جنسیت، متفاوت نیست.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Influence of Teaching Based on Fundamentals of Modern Educational Technology on Students’ Life Skills in the Universities of Mazandaran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ameneh Amanzadeh Boneh 1
  • Mansur Nugmanov 2
1 Ph.D. Student of Instructional Technology, State University, Dushanbe, Tajikistan
2 Full Professor, Department of Educational Science, State University, Dushanbe, Tajikistan
چکیده [English]

The goal of this study was to investigate the influence of fundamentals of modern educational technology training on students’ life skills in universities of Mazandaran Province. Considering the objective, it was a practical research, and considering the method, it was a semi-experimental procedure with pretest/posttest and control group. The statistical population included all university students in academic year of 2012-2013 (n=312586). Using cluster random sampling method, three colleges were selected, and using stratified random sampling method with optimum ratio allocation, a number of 50 individuals were selected as sample and placed in the test and control groups. Data collection tool was a researcher made questionnaire that contained 45 questions and four skill dimensions (decision making, problem solving, critical thinking and creative thinking). The face and content validity were approved by faculty advisors and reliability was calculated 0.86 using Cronbach's alpha coefficient. Data analysis was performed using covariance analysis test and t test. Findings showed that the fundamentals of modern educational technology (web-based training, computer and mobile learning) had a significant effect on life skills (decision making, problem solving, critical thinking and creative thinking). Also, there was no significant difference between modern educational technology impacts on students' life skills based on their gender. 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • modern educational technologies
  • web-based training
  • computer learning
  • mobile learning
  • life skills
  • students
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