تأثیر محتوای الکترونیک ساخته شده بر اساس هوش‌های درون‏ فردی و بین‌فردی گاردنر، بر یادگیری دانش آموزان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مهندس کامپیوتر و عضو ‏گروه آموزشی کامپیوتر مرکز تحقیقات معلمان اصفهان، دانشجوی دکتری برنامه‌ریزی‎درسی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، اصفهان، ایران

2 دانشیار دانشگاه پیام‌نور، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش، بررسی تأثیر محتوای الکترونیک مبتنی بر هوش‌های درون فردی و بین‌فردی گاردنر بر یادگیری دانش‌آموزان بود. این پژوهش، از نوع کاربردی و به روش نیمه آزمایشی با طرح پیش‌آزمون- پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل در سال تحصیلی ۹۲-۱۳۹۱ انجام گردید. تعداد ۶۰ نفر از دانش‌آموزان پایه سوم کامپیوتر هنرستانی در شهر اصفهان در این تحقیق شرکت داشتند که به روش خوشه‌ای چند‌مرحله‌ای انتخاب و به طور تصادفی در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل جایگزین شدند. مشخصات زمینه‌ای و نیمرخ هوش‌های چندگانه در دو گروه با آزمون هوش‌های چندگانه مکنزی سنجیده شد و همسانی دو گروه بررسی گردید. پایایی این ابزار، به روش آلفای کرونباخ برابر ۰/۷۳۸ محاسبه گردید. هر دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل، در ۸ جلسه ۷۰ دقیقه‌ ای مباحث مشترکی را به روش متداول آموزش دیدند. در گروه آزمایش، علاوه بر روش مرسوم، از یک محتوای الکترونیک معلم ساخته برای یادگیری در کلاس استفاده گردید. در هر دو گروه پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون پیشرفت تحصیلی یکسان انجام شد. تحلیل کوواریانس چند‌متغیری نشان داد که یادگیری در گروه آموزش دیده به کمک محتوای الکترونیک مبتنی بر هوش درون فردی به طور معنا‌داری از گروه کنترل بیشتر است، اما در روش مبتنی بر هوش بین‌فردی، بین دو گروه تفاوت معنا‌داری وجود ندارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Impact of E-Content Based on Gardner's Intrapersonal ‎and Interpersonal Intelligences on Students Learning

نویسندگان [English]

  • Elahe Badie 1
  • Mehran Farajollahi 2
1 PhD Student in Curriculum Planning, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Payam Noor University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of e-content based on Gardner's intrapersonal ‎and interpersonal intelligences on students learning. In this quasi-experimental applied research, the pre-test - post-test with control group method was conducted in the academic year of 2012- 2013. Sixty third grade computer students of vocational ‎schools in Isfahan participated in this study. They were selected through multistage cluster sampling method and randomly divided into two experimental and control groups. Background characteristics and ‎profiles of multiple intelligences were measured in both groups via Mackenzie questionnaire and homogeneity of the two groups was ‎evaluated. Cronbach's alpha reliability of this instrument was calculated 0.738. Both groups (experimental and control) were trained same lessons in 8 sessions (each 70 minutes) in conventional method. Students of experimental group used a researcher-made e-content for learning, beside the conventional method, in ‎their class.  In both groups the same pre-test and post-test were ‎performed. Multivariate covariance ‎analysis revealed that learning achievements in the group trained with the e-content based on ‎intrapersonal intelligence was significantly higher than the control group, but in method based on ‎interpersonal intelligence, there was no significant difference between the learning achievements of ‎the two groups.‎

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • e-learning
  • e-content
  • multiple intelligences
  • individual differences
  • Gardner
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