بررسی میزان تأثیر محیط چند‌رسانه ای و شبیه‌سازی شده آموزش بورس بر میزان یادگیری دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد تکنولوژی آموزشی، دانشگاه ایلام، ایلام، ایران

2 استادیار دانشگاه ایلام، ایلام، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکترای روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه شهید چمران اهواز

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی تأثیر محیط چند‌رسانه‌ای و شبیه‌سازی شده آموزش بورس و مبادله ارزهای خارجی (فارکس) در مقایسه با روش رایج (سخنرانی، جزوه و ارایه پاورپوینت) بر میزان یادگیری دانشجویان دانشگاه ایلام، انجام شده است. جامعه آماری پژوهش، کلیه دانشجویان شاغل به تحصیل در دوره‌های کارشناسی رشته‌های مدیریت بازرگانی، اقتصاد و حسابداری دانشگاه ایلام بوده‌ و 184 نفر از آنها به صورت تصادفی به عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. ابزار جمع‌آوری داده‌ها، پرسش‌نامه محقق ساخته بوده که روایی آن به تأیید تعدادی از متخصصان و اعضای هیأت علمی مرتبط با حوزه تحقیق رسید و پایایی آن با استفاده از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ معادل 0/734 برآورد گردید. داده‌های بخش نظر‌سنجی با استفاده از آزمون u مان‌ویتنی و داده‌های بخش طرح نیمه‌آزمایشی با استفاده از آزمون t و تحلیل کوواریانس تجزیه و تحلیل گردیدند. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که بین دو گروه آزمایشی و شاهد از حیث یادگیری تفاوت معنی‌داری وجود دارد؛ به این معنی که یادگیری گروه آزمایشی بیش از گروه شاهد بود. هم‌چنین دانشجویان گروه آزمایشی از فعالیت در محیط شبیه‌سازی اظهار رضایت بیشتری نموده و یادگیری خود را در حد خوب برآورد نموده‌اند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

On the Effect of Multimedia and Simulated Environment of Stock Exchange Education on Students Learning

نویسندگان [English]

  • Aref Hashemi 1
  • Hossein Mahdizadeh 2
  • Yassan Allah Poorashraf 2
  • Maryam Azizi 3
1 M.A. in Educational Technology, Ilam University, Ilam, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Ilam University, Ilam, Iran
3 Ph.D. Student of Educational Psychology, Shahid Chamran University, Ahvaz
چکیده [English]

This study aimed to investigate the impact of multimedia and simulated environment of training of stock exchange and foreign currency, compared with current methods (lectures, booklets, power point presentation), on students learning at the University of Ilam. The population of the study was undergraduate students in business management, economics and accounting at the University of Ilam. Using random sampling method, 184 of them were chosen as the sample. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire whose validity was confirmed by the experts. Its reliability based on Cronbach alpha Coefficient was estimated 0.734. The data from the survey were analyzed using Mann Whitney U test and those from the semi-experimental were analyzed by covariance analysis and t-test. The results suggested a significant difference between mean scores of the two groups in that the experimental group was more effective than the control group. In addition, students from the experimental group were more satisfied with the simulated environment and estimated their learning as qualified.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Simulation
  • learning
  • stock exchange education
  • multimedia training
  • simulation-based learning
  • foreign exchange (Forex)
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