تأثیر استفاده از اینترنت بر رشد مهارت های اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان ابتدایی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دبیر رسمی آموزش و پرورش، کارشناس ارشد آموزش و پرورش ابتدایی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه برنامه ریزی درسی، دانشگاه علوم پزشکی کرمان، کرمان، ایران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش، بررسی تأثیر استفاده از اینترنت بر رشد مهارت‌های اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان دوره ابتدایی بوده است. این پژوهش در سال تحصیلی 93-1392 به روش شبه‌تجربی و با استفاده از طرح پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون با گروه کنترل انجام شد. جامعه‌ آماری را کل دانش‌آموزان پسر پایه ششم ابتدایی منطقه سرچهان، به تعداد 185 نفر تشکیل داده است. با استفاده از جدول کرجسی و مورگان تعداد 120 نفر با روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی خوشه‌ای به عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. ابزار اندازه‌گیری داده‌ها، پرسش‌نامه محقق‌ساخته رشد مهارت‌های اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان پایه‌ ششم ابتدایی بود. پایایی آزمون از طریق آلفای کرونباخ 0/87 به دست آمد. روایی ابزار نیز توسط 5 نفر از متخصصان علوم تربیتی و روان‌شناسی و هم‌چنین، با استفاده از نظرات 20 نفر از آموزگاران و مدیران تأیید شد. داده‌های جمع‌آوری شده با استفاده از آزمون t گروه‌های مستقل و با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS تحلیل شد. یافته‌های پژوهش حاکی از آن بود که استفاده از اینترنت موجب افزایش رشد مهارت‌های اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان می‌شود. هم‌چنین، نتایج نشان داد که استفاده از اینترنت موجب افزایش مهارت‌های احترام گذاشتن به دیگران، مسؤولیت‌پذیری، دوست‌یابی و مشارکت در فعالیت‌های گروهی شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Internet Use on Social Skills of Elementary Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ebrahim Mohammadjani 1
  • Maryam Safarnavadeh 2
1 M.A in Primary Education, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Curriculum Planning, The University of Medical Sciences of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present research aimed to investigate the effect of the internet use on social skills of elementary school students. This study was based on semi-empirical, with pre-test and post-test method and control group. The statistical society was the total population of primary school male children in the sixth grade of Sarchehan Area including 185 people in the academic year 2013-2014. Using random cluster sampling method, a number of 120 cases were selected as sample. The measurement tool was a researcher-made questionnaire designed for social skills of the sixth grade elementary school students. Reliability of the test was 0.87 based on Cronbach alpha. Validity of the tool was confirmed by five psychology and education experts as well as applying 20 teachers and principals' opinions. The collected data were analyzed using t test and SPSS software. The results confirmed the main hypothesis that the internet use increased social skills of students. Moreover, the results revealed that internet use enhanced skills of respect for others, responsibility, friend making and group activities participation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Internet
  • social skills
  • male students
  • sixth grade
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