رابطه بین فن‎آوری اطلاعات و ارتباطات و مؤلفه‎های مهندسی فرهنگی در دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استاد گروه مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد ساری، ساری، ایران

2 دکترای مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد ساری، ساری، ایران

3 استادیار گروه مدیریت، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد قائم‌شهر، قائم‌شهر، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر، به بررسی رابطه‎ بین فن‎آوری ارتباطات و اطلاعات و مؤلفه‎های مهندسی فرهنگی در دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی پرداخته است. روش پژوهش توصیفی، از نوع همبستگی بود. جامعه آماری، مدیران و کارکنان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد ساری در سال 1392 بود. نمونه‌گیری به روش تصادفی طبقه‌ای انجام شد و نمونه آماری از میان جامعه انتخاب شد که شامل 22 مدیر و 120 کارمند بود. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها، مشتمل بر دو پرسش‌نامه محقق‌ساخته فن‎آوری ارتباطات و اطلاعات و مهندسی فرهنگی بود. در تحلیل داده‌ها، از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون و رگرسیون استفاده شد. یافته‎های پژوهش بیان‌گر آن بود که بین فن‎آوری اطلاعات و ارتباطات با مؤلفه‌های ارزش‌های محوری مهندسی فرهنگی (68/0=r)، استراتژی مهندسی فرهنگی (67/0=r) و رهبری مهندسی فرهنگی(64/0=r)، بیشترین همبستگی و با مؤلفه معیارهای موفقیت در مهندسی فرهنگی (51/0=r)، کمترین همبستگی در دانشگاه وجود دارد. در کل، بین فن‎آوری اطلاعات و ارتباطات با مهندسی فرهنگی دانشگاه ارتباط وجود دارد. نتیجه این که؛ فن‎آوری اطلاعات و ارتباطات در اجرای هر یک از مؤلفه‌های مهندسی فرهنگی می‌تواند نقش مهم و به‌سزایی داشته باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Information and Communication Technology and Cultural Engineering Components at Islamic Azad University

نویسندگان [English]

  • Kiumars Niazazari 1
  • Mehraneh Kazemian 2
  • Marzieh Niazazari 3
1 Full Professor of Educational Management, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
2 Ph.D. in Educational Management, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
3 Assistant Professor of Educational Management, Ghaemshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Ghaemshahr, Iran
چکیده [English]

This research reviewed the relationship between information and communication technology and cultural engineering at Islamic Azad University. The method of the research was descriptive- correlational. The statistical population of the study was managers and employees of Islamic Azad University, Sari Branch in 2013, among which a sample of 22 managers and 120 employees were selected through stratified random method. The data collecting tools were two researcher made questionnaires including information and communication technology questionnaire and cultural engineering questionnaire. Pearson correlation coefficient and regression were used for data analysis. Results showed that there were the highest correlation between information and communication technology and core values of cultural engineering (0.68), cultural engineering strategy components (0.67) and the cultural engineering leadership (0.64) and there were the lowest correlation between information and communication technology and success standards in cultural engineering (0.51). In general, Findings revealed a relationship between information and communication technology and cultural engineering at university. It means that information and communication technology can play important role in performing each component of cultural engineering.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • cultural engineering
  • Information and communication technology
  • Higher Education
  • Strategy
  • Leadership
  • core values
  1. Afkhami Aqda, M., Kamali Zarch M., & Shokorawa, N. (2013). The effect of information and communication technology (ICT) on the education process from the perspective of Yazd University students. Tolooe Behdasht, 11(1), 41-52. (in Persian).
  2. Al-Thawwad, R. M. (2008). Technology transfer and sustainability adapting factors: Culture, physical environment, and geographical location. Proceedings of The 2008 IAJC-IJME International Conference. Retrieved from http://ijme.us/ cd_08/PDF/152,%20Session%20IT%20305.pdf
  3. Anderson, W. M. (2005). Cultural economic development: A strategy to leverage Michigan’s creative talent and cultural assets to spur economic growth and build community prosperity. Michigan: Department of History, Arts and Libraries. Retrieved from http://www.michigan.gov/documents/hal_ced_strategy_144333_7. pdf
  4. Bonyanian, H. (2007). Cultural engineering from theory to action in Iranian society. Sooreh, 43, 8-21. Retrieved from http://www.ensani.ir/storage/Files/20120507092 5 22-5211-126.pdf
  5. Chao, P., & Lai, W-H. (2007). The challenge of technology transfer in a cross-cultural environment- from the U.S. to greater China region. Proceedings of the Second International Intelligent Logistic Systems Conference 2006. Retrieved from http://www.asor.asn.au/iils2006/pdf/ iils2006_17.pdf
  6. Chavosh Bashi, F. (2012). A model designed to assess the impact of ICT on the development. Economic of Cultural Management in Iran Magazine, Issue XI. (in Persian).
  7. Dunleavy, P. (1991). Democracy, bureaucracy and public choice, economics explanations in political science. UK: Hemel Hompstead, Harvester Wheatsheaf.
  8. Ebrahimian, S. H. (2013). Re-read the concept of cultural engineering and cultural pathology in the higher education system. Soft Power Studies, 2(5), 121-150. (in Persian).
  9. Gall, M., & Borg, W., & Gall, J. (2009). Qualitative and quantitative research methods in education and psychology (Translation by Nasr et al.). Tehran: Beheshti University Press.
  10. Hasanzadeh, M. (2006). Knowledge management: Concepts and infrastructures. Tehran: Ketabdar. (in Persian).
  11. Jaafarizadeh, M. (2006). The relationship between individual and social characteristics of high school students with the use of IT in their leisure Bam city. Master Thesis, Allameh Tabatabaei University. (in Persian).
  12. Karahanna, E., Evaristo, J. R., & Srite, M. (2005). Levels of culture & individual behavior: An integrative perspective. Global Information Management, 13(2), 120-132.
  13. Matthew, M., & Bill, G. (2003). Making sense of the relationship between information communication technologies and economic development. Retrieved from http://dgss.wsu.edu/di/docs/MakingSenseoftheelationshipbetweenICTand Eco nomicDevelopment.pdf
  14. Mirshamshiri, M. (2006). Impression and the effect of globalization on education and higher education systems. Proceedings of the First National Conference on Globalization and Education, School of Education and Psychology. Tehran University. (in Persian).
  15. Mohammadi, M., Fazlollahi, S. F., & Izadi Yeganeh, M. (2006). Evaluate and pathology the scientific production of the faculty members of Islamic Azad University, Qom Branch and Pathology. Islamic Azad University, Qom Branch. (in Persian).
  16. Mokhber Dezfuli, M. R. (2007). The role of cultural engineering in reducing social Damages. Cultural Engineering, 5, 3. (in Persian).
  17. Nazemi Ardakani, M. (2007). Country cultural engineering: An analysis of the statements of Supreme Leader in a meeting with members of the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution in the years 2002-2005. Tehran: High Council of Cultural Revolution. (in Persian).
  18. Reshadatjou, H. (2005). Globalization and human resource management: Higher education reply. Proceedings of Higher Education and Sustainable Development Conference. Institute for Research and Planning in Higher Education. (in Persian).
  19. Robbins, K., & Webster, F. (2006). The era of technological culture (Translated by Davoudi, M.). From the Information Society to the Virtual Life. (in Persian).
  20. Roshandel Arbatani, T., & Saber, M. (2013). The relationship between culture and information and communication technology and Internet culture damages. Interdisciplinary Study of Media and Culture, Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies, 2(2), 109-128. (in Persian).
  21. Savanid, V., & Ambra, D. (2006). An exploratory study of the socio. New York: Taylor & Francis.
  22. Schulte, J. (2004). Critical look at the phenomenon of globalization (Translated by Karbasian, M.) Tehran: Scientific and Cultural Publications.
  23. Sharbatian, M. (2012). Reflecting the importance of cultural engineering position in the sustainable development of rural communities. Cultural Engineering Journal, 12(59). (in Persian).
  24. Stensaker, B., Massen, P., Borgan, M., Oftebro, M., & Karseth, B. (2007). Use, updating integration of ICT in higher education: Linking purpose, people and pedagogy. Higher Education, 54(3), 417-433.