تأثیر آموزش به کمک بازی رایانه‌ای دالان سبز در افزایش یادآوری مفاهیم شیمی اول دبیرستان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد آموزش شیمی و عضو گروه درسی شیمی آموزش و پرورش استان چهارمحال و بختیاری، شهرکرد، ایران

2 استادیار گروه شیمی، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مشکل فراموشی مفاهیم درسی در طول تعطیلات تابستانی و یا عید نوروز در ایران، یکی از دغدغه‌های اساسی دبیران است. این مقاله، به بررسی تأثیر یک بازی محقق‌ساخته به نام دالان سبز بر یادآوری مفاهیم شیمی پایه اول متوسطه می‌پردازد. پژوهش حاضر یک پژوهش کاربردی از نوع شبه آزمایشی است و هدف آن تأثیر آموزش درس شیمی به کمک بازی دالان سبز در سال 1393 بوده است. در این پژوهش، از طرح گروه آزمایش و کنترل با حذف تأثیرات متغیر هم‌پراش (نمرات اندازه‌گیری شده پیش‌آزمون قبل از اعمال هرگونه آزمایش روی فراگیران) استفاده شده است. نمونه‌های پژوهش حاضر، سه گروه ۳۰ نفری (۹۰ نفر) از یک دبیرستان پسرانه در شهرستان کوهرنگ بوده‌اند که به دلیل طولانی بودن روند پژوهش و برای به صفر رساندن افت آزمودنی‌ها از روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس، استفاده شده است. تجزیه ‌و تحلیل داده‌ها به کمک نرم‌افزار SPSS و با تجزیه ‌و تحلیل کوواریانس (آنکوا) انجام گرفت. یافته‌های پژوهش حاکی از آن است که تأثیر استفاده از بازی دالان سبز نسبت به بازی بدون مفاهیم شیمی، با در نظر گرفتن متغیر هم‌پراش، تفاوت معنی‌داری را نشان می‌دهد. آن‌چه در این پژوهش نتیجه‌گیری می‌شود این است که این بازی نقش ارزنده‌ای در به یادآوردن مفاهیم درسی داشته است. در نتیجه، می‌توان از آن برای بهینه کردن اوقات فراغت فراگیران به همراه رضایت خاطر آنان استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

On the Impact of Dalan-E-Sabz Computer Game-Aided Instruction in Recall Increase of Chemistry Concepts of First Year High School

نویسندگان [English]

  • Farmand Farzin 1
  • Maryam Sabbaghan 2
1 M.A. in Chemistry Teaching, Chaharmahal and Bakhtiari Province Educational Office, Shahre Kord, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Chemistry Department, Shahid Rajaei University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The problem of forgetting course subjects during the long Norouz holiday and summer vacation in Iran sits among one of the main teachers’ concerns. This article aimed at investigating the impact of a researcher-made game called Dalan-e-Sabz to recall basic chemistry concepts. The present applied study aimed at investigating the impact of Dalan-e-Sabz game to help recall basic chemistry concepts among the first year high school students in 2014. In this study, the experimental and control groups designed by removing a covariate effect were used. In fact, covariate scores were the same measured pretest scores before applying any treatment on learners. The samples in the study were three groups of 30 people (90 people) from a high school for boys in Koohrang City. Due to the long research process and reducing the subjects’ failure to zero, a convenience sampling was used. The data analysis was performed by SPSS with covariance (ANCOVA) analysis. Research findings revealed that Dalan-e-Sabz game and none-concept chemistry game, considering the covariate variable, showed to be significantly different. What can be concluded from the study is that this game had an important role in recalling the course subject, so it can be used for improving the learners’ free time.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • teaching
  • Dalan-e-Sabz game
  • Computer Games
  • educational games
  • students
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