شناسایی ساز و کارهای بومی سازی فن‌آوری در ایران ـ رویکرد مطالعه چند موردی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 * دانشیار گروه مدیریت و فلسفه علم و فناوری، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه فناوری بین‎رشته‎ای، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکترای سیاست‌گذاری علم و فناوری، دانشگاه علم و صنعت ایران، تهران، ایران

4 دانشجوی دکترای سیاست‌گذاری علم و فناوری، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

در دنیای رقابتی امروز، کشورها از روش‌‌های مختلفی برای اکتساب و جهش فن‌آوری استفاده می‌‌کنند. در حالی که هدف نهایی از اکتساب و انتقال فن‌آوری در کشورهای در حال صنعتی شدن، جذب و بومی‌‌سازی دانش فنی فن‌آوری است، به نظر می‌‌رسد، این مهم بعضی اوقات به دلیل وجود برخی موانع و عوامل، محقق نمی‌‌شود. اگرچه موانع موجود در مسیر بومی‌‌سازی فن‌آوری در کشور ایران نیز مانند سایر کشورهای رو به پیشرفت وجود داشته دارد، اما به دلیل مسایل ویژه‌‌ای مانند تحریم، از اهمیت بیشتری برخوردار است. در این مقاله، عوامل بومی‌‌سازی فن‌آوری در سطح خرد و بنگاه با استفاده از مصاحبه عمیق از خبرگان جهاد دانشگاهی علم و صنعت و شرکت توربین‌‌سازی تجربه ‌نور، استخراج شده و رابطه آنها با یکدیگر، در قالب یک مدل معادلات ساختاری، نشان داده شده است. اندازه جامعه آماری تحقیق 120 نفر بود که تمام اعضای این جامعه، به‌عنوان نمونه نیز مد نظر قرار گرفتند. پس از توزیع پرسش‌نامه طراحی شده توسط پژوهشگران این تحقیق بین تمام اعضای این جامعه، تنها 91 مورد برگشت داده شد. در این تحقیق، برای تعیین پایایی از روش پایایی ترکیبی استفاده شد که حداقل مقدار آن 0/87 محاسبه شد. نتایج نشان داد که شرکت‌‌های علاقه‌‌مند به بومی‌سازی فن‌آوری، باید در پنج حوزه سبک یادگیری، همکاری‌‌های فن‌آورانه، انطباق فن‌آوری، ظرفیت جذب و فعالیت‌‌های اصلی بومی‌‌سازی، سرمایه‌‌گذاری نمایند.

عنوان مقاله [English]

Identifying Technology Localization Mechanisms in Iran – A Multi Case Study Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Ali Shafia 1
  • Mahdi Mohammadi 2
  • Ali Reza Babakhan 3
  • Ali Asghar Sadabadi 4
1 Associate Professor of Management and Philosophy of Science and Technology Department, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Interdisciplinary Technology Department, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3 PhD Student of Science and Technology Policy, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran, Iran
4 PhD Student of Science and Technology Policy, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

In today’s competitive world, countries use different ways to acquire and use the technology boom. While the ultimate goal of technology transfer and acquisition in industrializing countries is to absorb and localize technical knowledge, it seems this is not sometimes fulfilled because of some obstacles and factors. Although there are some barriers to localize technology in Iran as well as other developing countries, it is more important in Iran due to some problems such as sanctions. In this paper, firm level and micro-level technology localization factors were extracted by conducting in-depth interviews with experts of Jahad Daneshgahi at Iran University of Science and Technology and Tajrobeh Nour Turbine Company, and then, were depicted in a Structural Equation Model (SEM) form. The size of the statistical population was 120 people, all of whom were considered as the sample size. After distributing the questionnaires among all members of that society, only 91 ones were responded. In this research, the Combined Reliability method was used to examine research reliability and its value was 0.87. The results illustrated that firms seeking to localize technology should invest in five fields such as learning style, technological collaborations, technology adoption, absorptive capacity, and the main activities of localization.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Technology Localization
  • technology transfer
  • structural equation model
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