1. Abdollahpour, Z., & Asadzadeh Maleki, N. (2012). The impact of exposure to digital flash stories on Iranian EFL learners’ written reproduction of short stories. Canadian Journal on Scientific and Industrial Research, 3(2), 40-53.
2. Abidin, J. Z., Pour Mohammadi, M., Souriyavongsa, T., Tiang, C., & Kim, N. (2011). Improving listening comprehension among Malay preschool children using digital stories. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 1(14), 159-164.
3. Ahmadi, M., Fallah, V., & Mirzakhani, S. (2011). Comparing the effect of interactive and non-interactive multimedia on primary school students’ learning. Information and Communication Technology in Educational Psychology, 1(4), 117-129. (in Persian).
4. Alexander, B. (2011). The new digital storytelling: Creating narratives with new media. Santa Barbara: Praeger.
5. Alodiedat, A. S., & Eyadat, Y. A. (2008). The effect of internet use on students’ achievement and self-confidence. International Management Review, 4(1), 74-89.
6. Austin, K. (2009). Multimedia learning: Cognitive individual differences and display design techniques predict transfer learning with multimedia learning modules. Computers & Education, 53(4), 1339-1354.
7. Baddeley, A. (1992). Working memory. Science, 255, 556-559.
8. Banaszewski, T. (2002). Digital storytelling finds its place in the classroom. Information Today. Retrieved from http://www.infotoday.com/MMSchools/ jan02/ Banaszewski.htm
9. Behrangi, M., & Asadi, A. (2008). Integrating MMB with picture word inductive model of teacing to teach English to junior high-school students. Quarterly of Education, 97, 9-27. (in Persian).
10. Benmayor, R. (2008). Digital storytelling as signature pedagogy for the new humanities. Arts & Humanities in Higher Education, 79(2), 188-204.
11. Chuang, W., & Kuo, F. (2013). Improving reading comprehension among Taiwanese EFL young EFL young learners using digital stories. Proceedings of 2013 Asian Literacy Conference (pp. 134-146). Indonesia.
12. Clarke, R., & Adam, A. (2012). Digital storytelling in Australia: Academic perspectives and reflections. Arts & Humanities in Higher Education, 11(1-2), 157-176.
13. Cohen, J. W. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences (2nd edition). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
14. Coventry, M. (2008). Engaging gender: Student application of theory through digital stories. Arts & Humanities in Higher Education, 7(2), 205-219.
15. Dehkhoda, A. (2006). Dictionary. Tehran: Tehran University Press. (in Persian).
16. Farhady, S., Taghdisi, M., & Solhi, M. (2005). The impact of lecture and storytelling on male third grade primary-school students’ awareness and attitudes towards preventing acceidents in Shahrekord. Toloo Behdasht Journal, 1, 11-18. (in Persian).
17. Forsblom, A., Sarkamo, T., Laitinen, S., MusTh, L., & Tervaniemi, M. (2010). The effect of music and audiobook listening on people recovering from stroke: The patient’s point of view. Music & Medicine, 2(4), 229-234.
18. Frazel, M. (2011). Introduction to digital storytelling. Oregon: ISTE.
19. Ghasemi, F., Zare, A., & Haghighat, S. (2011). Comparing the effect of Persian and foreign philosophical stories and common stories on the development of philosophical thought of first grade primary-school students. Innovative Approaches in Administrative Management, 2(4), 133-152. (in Persian).
20. Ghodsi, N., Sahif-Abadi, A., & Soudani, M. (2012). The impact of storytelling based on Kelile and Demne on promoting female fourth grade primary-school students’ ego. Cultural and Educational Quarterly of Women and Family, 19, 57-78.
21. Graham, S. (2011). Self-efficacy and academic listening. Journal of English for Academic Purposes, 10, 113-117.
22. Grinther, A. (2002). Context and content visuals and performance on listening comprehension stimuli. Language Testing, 19(2), 133-167.
23. Hamouda, A. (2013). An investigation of listening comprehension problems encountered by Saudi students in the EL listening classroom. International Journal of Academic Research in Progressive Education and Development, 2(2), 113-155.
24. Isbell, R. (2002). Telling and retelling stories-learning language and literacy. Young Children, 57(2), 26-30.
25. Jensen, E. (2000). Music with the brain in mind. US: The Brain Store.
26. Kajder, S. B. (2004). Enter here: Personal narrative and digital storytelling. English Journal, 93(3), 64-68.
27. Kimura, H. (2008). Foreign language listening anxiety: Its dimensionality and group differences. JALT Journal, 30, 173-196.
28. Legac, F. (2007). Foreign-language anxiety and listening skill in Croatian monolingual and bilingual students of EFL. In J. Horváth & M. Nikolov (Eds.),UPRT 2007: Empirical studies in English applied linguistics (pp. 217-243). Pécs: Lingua Franca Csoport.
29. Lowenthal, P. R. (2008). Online faculty development and storytelling: An unlikely solution to improving teacher quality. MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 4(3), 349-356.
30. Mashayekh, M., & Hashemi, M. (2011). The impact/s of music on language learners’ performance. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 30, 2186-2190.
31. Mayer, R. E. (2001). Multimedia learning. New York: Cambridge University Press.
32. Mayer, R. E. (2003). The promise of multi-media learning using the same instructional design methods across different media. Learning & Instruction, 13(2), 125-139.
33. Mehdizadeh, H., & Fathi, R. (2013). The comparative impact of hybrid teaching on primary-school students’ achievement and retention of health sciences. Information and Communication Technology in Educational Psychology, 3(3), 113-127. (in Persian).
34. Mostafazadeh, F. (2010). Storyteling: A new clinical education method. Research in Medical Teaching, 2(2), 53-58. (in Persian).
35. Nasirzadeh, R., & Roshan, R. (2010). The impact of storytelling on 6-8 year old boys’ aggression. Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology, 16(2), 118-126. (in Persian).
36. Nikooei, A., & Babashakouri, S. (2013). Rereading children’s stories based on schemata in cognitive approach. Journal of Chidren’s Literature Studies, 4(2), 149-174. (in Persian).
37. Radbakhsh, N., Mohammadifar, M., & Kiani-Ersi, F. (2013). The impact of games and stories on children’s creativity. Innovation and Creativitiy in Humanities, 2(4), 177-195. (in Persian).
38. Razi, A. (2012). Educational fucntions of diacritic literature. Journal of Didactic Literature, 4(15), 97-120. (in Persian).
39. Richards, J., & Rogers, T. (2003). Approaches and methods in language teaching. Cambridge University Press, New York.
40. Robin, B. R. (2008). Digital storytelling: A powerful technology tool for the 21st century classroom. Theory into Practice, 47(3), 220-228.
41. Rossiter, M., & Clark, M. C. (2007). Narrative and the practice of adult education. Malabar, FL: Krieger.
42. Sadik, A. (2008). Digital storytelling: A meaningful technology-integrated approach for engaged student learning. Educational Technology Research and Development, 56(4), 487-506.
43. Schellenberg, G., & Peretz, I. (2007). Music, language and cognition: Unresolved issues. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 12, 45-46.
44. Slevc, L. R., & Miyake, A. (2006). Individual differences in second-language proficiency: Does musical ability matter? Psychological Science, 17, 675-681.
45. Soltani, M., Arian, K., & Angaji, L. (2013). The impact of group storytelling on female second grade primary-school students’ self-esteem. Quarterly of Educational Psychology, 29(9), 95-108. (in Persian).
46. Soureshjani, K., & Etemadi, N. (2012). Listening comprehension success among EFL preschool children using internet-based materials. Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities, 7(1), 243-251. Retrieved from http://journalarticle.ukm. my/5025/
47. Tomkins, A. (2009). “It was a great day when…”: An exploratory case study of reflective learning through storytelling. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport & Tourism Education, 8(2), 123-131.
48. Vandergrift, L. (1999). Facilitating second language listening comprehension: Acquiring successful strategies. ELT Journal, 53(3), 168-176.
49. Verdugo, D. R., & Belmonte, I. A. (2007). Using digital stories to improve listening comprehension with Spanish young learners of English. Language Learning Technology, 11, 87-101.
50. Vogley, A. J. (1998). Listening comprehension anxiety: Students’ reported sources and solutions. Foreign Language Annals, 31(1), 67-80.
51. Wang, D., Li, J., & Dai, G. (2008). A pen and speech-based storytelling system for Chinese children. Computers in Human Behavior, 24, 2507-2519.
52. Wright, A. (2008). Storytelling with children (2nd edition). Oxford University Press.
53. Yang, Y. C., & Wu, W. I. (2012). Digital storytelling for enhancing student academic achievement, critical thinking, and learning motivation: A year-long experimental study. Computers & Education, 59(2), 339-352.
54. Yuksel, P., Robin, B., & McNeil, S. (2011). Educational uses of digital storytelling all around the world. In M. Koehler & P. Mishra (Eds.), Proceedings of Society for Information Technology & Teacher Education International Conference (pp. 1264-1271). Chesapeake, VA: AACE.
55. Zamani, B., Saeidi, M., & Saeidi, A. (2011). The imapct and sustained effect of using multimedia on math self-efficacy and achievement. Information and Communication Technology in Educational Psychology, 4(2), 67-87.
56. Zamani, B., Saeidi, Z., & Abedi, A. (2011). The imapct and sustained effect of using multimedia on math self-regulation and achievement in first grade of high-school. Innovative Instructional Approaches, 6(2), 1-22.
57. Zarei Zavaraki, E., & Jafarkhani, F. (2009). Multimedia and its function in special education. Exceptional Education, 98&99, 22-30. (in Persian).
58. Zarei, K., Parand, Z., Seyedfatemi, N., Khoshbakht, F., Haghani, H., & Zarei, M. (2013). The impact of storytelling on physiologic anxiety, anxiety and social anxiety of school-age hospitalized patients. Mediacl Surgical Nursing Journal, 2(3-4), 115-121.