تأثیر مهارت‌های فن‌آوری اطلاعات و ارتباطات بر میزان کارآفرینی، خودکارآمدی و عملکرد تحصیلی دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد برنامه‌ریزی درسی، دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران

چکیده

هدف تحقیق حاضر، بررسی تأثیر مهارت‌های فن‌آوری اطلاعات و ارتباطات بر میزان کارآفرینی، خودکارآمدی و عملکرد تحصیلی دانشجویان بود. نوع پژوهش، از نظر هدف کاربردی و از نظر اجرا، توصیفی همبستگی بود. جامعه آماری پژوهش، شامل کلیه دانشجویان دانشگاه کاشان و علوم پزشکی کاشان در سال تحصیلی 94-1393 به تعداد 9353 بود. با استفاده از فرمول کوکران، حجم نمونه 239 نفر تعیین شد که به روش نمونه‌گیری طبقه‌ای متناسب با حجم جامعه انتخاب شدند. جهت گردآوری داده‌ها از چهار پرسش‌نامه مهارت‌های فاوا در قالب 25 سؤال بسته پاسخ، کارآفرینی در قالب 20 سؤال و خودکارآمدی تحصیلی با 20 سؤال بسته پاسخ و عملکرد تحصیلی (معدل) استفاده شد. جهت سنجش روایی پرسش‌نامه، از روایی محتوایی و روایی سازه (تحلیل عاملی تأییدی) استفاده گردید. از طریق ضریب آلفای کرونباخ، پایایی پرسش‌نامه‌های مهارت‌های فاوا 0/84، کارآفرینی 0/79 و خودکارآمدی 0/81 برآورد گردید. تحلیل داده‌ها در سطح استنباطی با استفاده از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون، تی‌تک نمونه‌ای، رگرسیون و مدل معادلات ساختاری و با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS و Amos انجام شد. یافته‌ها نشان داد که میانگین هر یک از مؤلفه‌های مهارت‌های فاوا از میانگین فرضی بیشتر و میانگین هر یک از قابلیت‌های کارآفرینی و خودکارآمدی دانشجویان از میانگین فرضی کمتر بود. بین هر یک از مهارت‌های فاوا در بعد آموزشی و پژوهشی با کارآفرینی و خودکارآمدی دانشجویان، رابطه مثبت و معنادار به دست آمد. هم‌چنین، بین مهارت‌های فاوا در بعد آموزشی با عملکرد تحصیلی دانشجویان، رابطه مثبت و معنادار مشاهده شد. اما، این ارتباط بین مهارت فاوا در بعد پژوهشی با عملکرد تحصیلی دانشجویان، منفی و معنادار بود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of information and communication technology on entrepreneurship, self efficacy and academic performance of students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamid Rahimi 1
  • Abbas Shekari 1
  • Hoda Hoseinian 2
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