مقایسه سازگاری اجتماعی و پیشرفت تحصیلی دانش‎آموزان کاربر اینترنت و غیرکاربر اینترنت

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه الزهرا، تهران، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه الزهرا، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، مقایسه سازگاری اجتماعی و پیشرفت تحصیلی در دو گروه از دانشآموزان کاربر و غیرکاربر کامپیوتر و اینترنت بود. این پژوهش از نوع مقطعی- مقایسه‌ای بود. جامعه آماری، شامل کلیه دانش‎آموزان دبیرستانی 17-16 ساله کاربر و غیرکاربر اینترنت در سال 1393 بود. افراد نمونه 400 نفر از دانش‎آموزان دختر و پسر سال دوم دبیرستان در شهر تهران بودند. دانش‎آموزان غیرکاربر با استفاده از روش نمونهگیری تصادفی طبقهای و دانشآموزان کاربر به شیوه همتاسازی (بر اساس سن، جنس و طبقه اجتماعی اقتصادی) انتخاب شدند. برای جمع‌آوری داده‌ها از پرسشنامه سازگاری دانش‎آموزان دبیرستانی (AISS) و یک پرسش‌نامه محقق ساخته برای سنجش ویژگی‌های جمعیت شناختی استفاده شد. برای سنجش پیشرفت تحصیلی دانشآموزان از مقایسه تفاوت معدل کل نیمسال اول و دوم دو گروه استفاده شد. برای تحلیل داده‎ها،‎‎ از آزمون آماری تی و تحلیل واریانس استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که بین دو گروه از دانش‎آموزان در پیشرفت تحصیلی تفاوت معنی‌داری وجود دارد. بدین معنا که دانش‎آموزان کاربر پیشرفت تحصیلی بیشتری از دانش‎آموزان غیرکاربر نشان دادند. اما، بین دو گروه از دانش‎آموزان از نظر سازگاری اجتماعی تفاوتی مشاهده نشد. به علاوه، نتایج آزمون تحلیل واریانس دو طرفه  نشان داد تأثیر کاربرد کامپیوتر بر پیشرفت تحصیلی دو جنس یکسان است و در هر دو جنس موجب افزایش پیشرفت تحصیلی می‎‎شود. این نتایج تلویحات مهمی برای مدیران و برنامهریزان در زمینه آموزش شیوه استفاده از اینترنت به دانشآموزان دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

A Comparative Study of Social Adjustment and Academic Achievement in Internet-User and Internet-Non-User Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehrangiz Peyvastegar 1
  • Souri Moharramzadeh 2
1 Associate Professor of Psychology Department, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
2 M.A. Graduate in Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to compare social adjustment and academic achievement in two groups of students: users and non-users of the internet. The research method was sectional-comparative. The population of the study was all 16-17-year-old internet-user and internet-non-user high school students in 2014. The subjects of the research were 400 male and female high school students in Tehran. Non-user students were selected through stratified sampling method and users were selected using matching sampling (same range of age, gender and socioeconomic status). The instruments used in this study were the adjustment inventory for high school students (AISS) and a researcher-made questionnaire for assessing demographic characteristics. To measure the students’ academic achievement, their averages of the first and second semesters were compared. Data analysis was conducted using the t test and one way analysis (ANOVA). The results showed that there were significant differences between the two groups in academic achievement. This means that user students achieved higher marks in school. But, no significant difference was observed between the groups in social adjustment. Also results of ANOVA showed the effect of computer use on academic achievement is the same in both male and female students and in both group increase academic achievement. These findings have important implications for planners and educational administrators about teaching students how to use the Internet.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • internet-users and internet-non-users students
  • Social adjustment
  • academic achievement
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