آسیب‌های روانی ـ اجتماعی ناشی از به‌کارگیری تلفن همراه و اینترنت در میان دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مدیریت آموزشی، واحد اسلامشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اسلامشهر، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه الزهرا، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار گروه مدیریت آموزشی، وزارت علوم، تحقیقات و فناوری، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی آسیب‌های روانی- اجتماعی ناشی از به‌کارگیری تلفن همراه و اینترنت در میان دانشجویان بود. پژوهش حاضر از حیث هدف، کاربردی و از لحاظ جمع‌آوری داده‌ها، همبستگی می‌باشد. جامعه آماری، تمامی دانشجویان دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد اسلامشهر می‌باشد که تعداد آنها برابر 18825 است. نمونه آماری شامل 398 دانشجو بود که با روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبقه‌ای انتخاب شدند. ابزار پژوهش، شامل یک پرسش‎نامه محقق ساخته با 50 گویه بوده است. داده‌‌‌ها با استفاده از آزمون همبستگی اسپیرمن، خی‌دو و تحلیل واریانس یک‌راهه و آزمون شفه مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفتند. بر اساس یافته‌ها، رابطه بین میزان استفاده از اینترنت و تلفن ‌همراه با تعاملات اجتماعی منفی و معنادار می‌باشد. رابطه بین میزان استفاده از اینترنت و تلفن ‌همراه و وابستگی روانی مثبت و معنادار می‌باشد. رابطه بین میزان استفاده از اینترنت و افت‌تحصیلی معنادار نمی‌باشد. رابطه بین میزان استفاده از تلفن ‌همراه و افت‌تحصیلی معنادار می‌باشد. بیشترین نوع استفاده دانشجویان زن از اینترنت و تلفن ‌همراه در موارد سرگرمی بوده است. هم‌چنین، دانشجویان زن نسبت به دانشجویان مرد از تلفن ‌همراه بیشتر به منظور سرگرمی و تفریح استفاده می‌کردند. بیشترین نوع استفاده دانشجویان مجرد از اینترنت و تلفن ‌همراه در موارد سرگرمی بوده است. هم‌چنین، دانشجویان مجرد نسبت به دانشجویان متأهل از تلفن‌همراه بیشتر به منظور سرگرمی و تفریح استفاده می‌نمایند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

On the Psychosocial Damages Caused by the Use of Mobile Phone and Internet among Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Batoul Faghih Aram 1
  • Zahra Ebrahimi 2
  • Mohsen Zargham 3
1 Assistant Professor, Educational Management, Islamic Azad University, Islamshahr Branch, Islamshahr, Iran
2 M.A. of Educational Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Educational Management Department, Ministry of Science, Research and Technology, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of the present study was to examine psychosocial damages caused by the use of mobile phone and Internet among students. The present study was applied in terms of purpose and correlational in terms of data collection. The statistical population was all of Islamshahr Islamic Azad University students (n=18825). The sample consisted of 398 students who were selected using the method of stratified random sampling. The research instrument consisted of a researcher-made questionnaire with 50 items. Data were analyzed using Spearman correlation test, chi-square, ANOVA and Scheffe test. According to the results, a negative and significant relationship was found between the use of the Internet and mobile phone with social interaction. A positive and significant relationship was found between the use of the Internet and mobile phone with psychological dependence. No significant relationship was found between the use of the Internet and academic failure. A significant relationship was found between the use of mobile phone and academic failure. Most of female students used the Internet and mobile phone for entertainment. Also, female students used mobile phone for entertainment and fun more than male students. Most single students used the Internet and mobile phone for entertainment and fun. Also, single students used mobile phone for entertainment and fun more than married students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • psychosocial damages
  • Mobile Phone
  • Internet
  • students
  1. Akhter, N. O. (2013). Relationship between internet addiction and academic enformance among university undergraduates. Academic Journals, Center for Counseling and Career Advisory, 8(19), 1793-1796.
  2. Alavi, S., Maracy, M. R., Jannatifard, F., Islami, M., & Haghighi, M. (2010). A survey of relationship between psychiatric symptoms and internet addiction in students of Isfahan Universities. Scientific Journal of Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, 17(2), 57-65. (in Persian).
  3. Atadokht, A., Hamidifar, V., & Mohammadi, E. (2014). Damaging use of mobile phone users of high school students and its relationship with academic performance and achievement motivation. Journal of School Psychology, 3(2), 122-136 (in Persian).
  4. Behdarvand, N., & Azadnam, H. (2013). Emerging injuries in adolescents’s Khoozestan province. Retrieved from http://www.civilica.com/paper-nopadid01-nopadid01_022.html  (in Persian).
  5. Black, D. W., Belsare, G., & Schlosser, S. (1999). Clinical features, psychiatric co morbidity, and health-related quality of life in persons reporting compulsive computer use behavior. Journal ofClinical Psychiatry, 60, 839-844.
  6. Cardak, M. (2013). Psychological well-being and internet addiction among university student. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 12(3), 134-141.
  7. Conti-Ramsden, G., Durkin, K., & Simkin, Z. (2010). Language and social factors in the use of cell phone technology by adolescents with and without Specific Language Impairment (SLI). Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 53(1), 196-208.
  8. Davis, R. A., Flett, G. L., & Besser, A. (2002). Validation of a new scale for measuring problematic internet use: Implications for pre-employment screening. Journal of Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 5(4), 331-45.
  9. Frangos, C., & Kiohos, A. (2010). Internet addiction among Greek University students: Demographic associations with the phenomenon, using the Greek version of young’s internet addiction. Journal ofInternational Economic Sciences and Applied Research, 3(1), 49-74.
  10. Hassanzadeh, R., Salehi, M., & Kiasari, A. R. (2010). The relationship between excessive use of technology (Addiction To Internet And SMS) and educational and psychological status of students. Journal of Educational Psychology, 1(3), 69-81. (in Persian).
  11. Ishii, K. (2011). Examining the adverse effects of mobile phone use among Japanese adolescents. Keio Communication Review, 33, 69-83.
  12. Jalaei Far, S., & Khan Babaei, F. (2013). Emerging social problems opaque mirror of postmodernity. Tehran: Office of Reducing Social Harm. (in Persian).
  13. Kiani, T. M., Khoshktab, M., Alwandi, A., & Norouzi, K. (2013). Check the status of internet addiction and its related factors in nursing students of Tehran University of Medical Sciences. The Journal of Nursing Education, 2(4), 67-50. (in Persian).
  14. Kraut, R., Patterson, M., Lundmark, V., Kiesler, S., Mukopadhyaay, T., & Scherlis, W. (1998). Internet paradox: A social technology that reduces social involvement and psychological wellbeing? Journal of American Psychologist, 53(9), 1017-1023.
  15. Kunimura, M., & Thomas, V. (2000). Summary and review of The NEO-PI-R personality Test. Journal of Loyala Mary Mount University, 38(4), 1-13.
  16. Nicol, A., & Fleming, M. J. (2010). The influence of normative beliefs and hostile response selection in predicting adolescents' mobile phone aggression-A pilot study. Journal of School Violence, 9(2), 212-231.
  17. Niemz, K., Griffiths, M. D., & Banyard, P. (2005). Prevalence of pathological internet use among university students and correlations with self-esteem. GHQ and Disinhibition, Cyberpsychology and Behavior, 8, 562-570.
  18. Porter, A. (2013). The problem with technology in schools. Retrieved from www.washingtonpost.com28/1/Pdf.
  19. Saboori Khosroshahi, H. (2007). Social injuries Internet. Tehran: High Council of the Cultural Revolution. (in Persian).
  20. Valk, J. H., Rashid, A. T., & Elder, L. (2010). Using mobile phones to improve educational outcomes: An analysis of evidence from Asia. International Review ofResearch in Open and Distance Learning, 11(1), 117-140.
  21. Whang, L., Lee, S., & Chang, G. (2003). Internet over-users’ psychological profiles: A behavior sampling analysis on internet addiction. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 6(2), 143-150.
  22. Young, K. (2007). Cognitive behavior therapy with internet addicts: Treatment outcomes and implications. Cyber Psychology, 10(5), 671-679.
  23. Zarbakhsh Bahri, M. R., & Rashidi, V. (2013). Loneliness and internet addiction in students. Promotion of Health Management, 3(1), 8-32. (in Persian).