رابطه رشد اخلاقی، اعتیاد به پیامک و افت تحصیلی دانش‌آموزان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی تربیتی، واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران

2 عضو هیأت علمی گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران

چکیده

تحول اخلاقى و ارزشى در نوجوانى و جوانى، بیش از هر دوره دیگرى است. رشد سریع‏ شناختى در نوجوانى و جوانى باعث مى‏شود که فرد بهتر بتواند درباره مسایل اخلاقى و ارزشى قضاوت کند و در برخورد با این مسایل، واکنش دقیق ‏تر و پیچیده‏ ترى نشان دهد. هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی رابطه بین رشد اخلاقی، اعتیاد به پیامک و افت تحصیلی دانش‎آموزان مقطع متوسطه دوم شهرستان بهشهر است. بدین منظور از میان کلیه دانش‌آموزان پایه اول، دوم و سوم متوسطه شهرستان بهشهر که در سال تحصیلی 95-1394 مشغول به تحصیل بوده‌ اند، تعداد 357 نفر به شیوه نمونه‌ گیری خوشه‌ای انتخاب گردیدند. جهت جمع‌آوری داد‌ه‌ها از آزمون رشد اخلاقی لطف‌آبادی، آزمون اعتیاد به پیامک و پرسش‌نامه افت تحصیلی استفاده شد. نتایج حاصل از تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ ها با استفاده از ضریب همبستگی، تحلیل واریانس یک طرفه، tگروه‌های ‌مستقل و رگرسیون در سطح 0/05>P، نشان داد که بین رشد اخلاقی با اعتیاد به پیامک و افت تحصیلی همبستگی معکوس و منفی وجود دارد. اما، بین اعتیاد به پیامک و افت تحصیلی همبستگی مستقیم و مثبت وجود دارد. هم‎چنین، متغیر رشد اخلاقی توسط متغیرهای اعتیاد به پیامک و افت تحصیلی قابل پیش‎بینی می‎باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Moral Development, SMS Addiction and Dropout Rates amongst Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Meysareh Keramati 1
  • Seyedeh Olia Emadian 2
1 M.A. in Educational Psychology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
2 Faculty Member of Psychology Department, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
چکیده [English]

The transition of ethical values in teenagers and youths is greater than in any other period. The rapid cognitive growth in teenagers and youths causes such persons to judge moral and value issues better and encounter these issues with more complicated and finer reactions. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between moral development, SMS addiction and dropout rates in second high school students in Behshahr city. Hence, a total of 357 students amongst all the students in first, second and third base in the second high school of Behshahr (2015-16) was selected with a cluster sampling method. In order to collect the data, the Lotfabadi moral development test, SMS addiction test and dropout questionnaire were used. The results of the analysis of the data, using analysis of variance, correlation coefficient, t independent and regression in P<0.05 level, showed that there are reverse and negative correlations between moral development, SMS addiction and dropout rates, but there is a direct and positive correlation between SMS addiction and dropout rates. It also showed that the moral development variable can be predicted by SMS addiction and dropout variables.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • moral development
  • SMS addiction
  • dropout
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