سازه‌های تبیین کننده نگرش هنرجویان کشاورزی نسبت به یادگیری الکترونیکی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری ترویج و آموزش کشاورزی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان،‌ ایران

2 دانش‌آموخته کارشناسی ارشد توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان،‌ ایران

3 استادیار گروه ترویج، ارتباطات و توسعه روستایی، دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان،‌ ایران

چکیده

امروزه، یادگیری الکترونیکی در کنار آموزش‌های حضوری در بسیاری از نظام‌های آموزشی استفاده می‌شود. ولی، از این نوع یادگیری در نظام آموزش کشاورزی متوسطه کشور استفاده کمی می‏شود. با توجه به ‌ضرورت توسعه این آموزش‌ها لزوم شناخت نگرش ذینفعان از جمله هنرجویان احساس می‌شود. لذا، این تحقیق توصیفی همبستگی با هدف شناسایی سازه‌های اثرگذار بر نگرش هنرجویان کشاورزی صورت گرفت. ابزار تحقیق مشتمل بر پرسش‌نامه‌ای دو بخشی بود که روایی آن با نظرسنجی از متخصصان تأیید شد و پایایی آن 0/87 به دست آمد. جامعه‏آماری تحقیق را همه‌ هنرجویان هنرستان‌های کشاورزی استان زنجان در سال 1394 تشکیل می‌دادند (187 نفر) که بر مبنای جدول نمونه‌گیری کرجسی و مورگان و با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری طبقه‌ای تصادفی، 135 نفر گزینش و بررسی شدند. داده‏های پژوهش با آماره‌های توصیفی، ضرایب همبستگی و رگرسیون چندگانه تحلیل شدند. نتایج نشان داد که 61/5 درصد هنرجویان نگرش مثبتی در خصوص یادگیری الکترونیکی دارند و متغیرهای مهارت کامپیوتری، مهارت اینترنتی، تعداد دوره‌های آموزشی گذرانده شده در زمینه کامپیوتر و اینترنت با نگرش آنها دارای همبستگی مثبت و معنی‌داری بودند. نتایج تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه، بیان‌گر این بود که دو متغیر مهارت در استفاده از اینترنت و تعداد دوره‌های آموزشی گذرانده شده در زمینه کامپیوتر در مجموع 38/8 درصد از واریانس متغیر وابسته؛یعنی، نگرش به یادگیری الکترونیکی را تبیین می‌کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Factors Affecting the Attitude of Agricultural High School Students Toward E-Learning

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zahra Hooshmandan Moghaddam Fard 1
  • Esmael Akhbar 2
  • Ali Shams 3
1 PhD. Student of Agricultural Extension and Education, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
2 MSc Graduate of Rural Development, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Agricultural Extension, Commuincation, and Rural Development, University of Zanjan, Zanjan, Iran
چکیده [English]

Nowadays, e-learning and education is used in many educational systems. However, in Iranian agricultural secondary education system, the use of e-learning is very low. With respect to the necessity of developing this kind of education, there is need to investigate the stakeholders’ attitudes especially students in this regard. The purpose of this descriptive-correlational study was to identify factors influencing the attitude of agricultural students toward e-learning. The survey instrument comprised a two-part questionnaire which validity was confirmed by a panel of experts and its reliability was obtained as 0.87. The statistical population comprises all 187 agricultural conservatory students in Zanjan Province and 135 of them were selected based on Krejcie and Morgan sampling table and applying randomized stratified sampling method. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation coefficients and multiple linear regressions. The results revealed that 61.5% of students have a positive attitude toward e-learning and there was a significant correlation between variables e.g. computer skills, Internet skills, the number of training courses in the field of computers and the Internet with the attitude of students. The results of multiple regression analysis showed that two variables of Internet skills and the number of training courses in the field of Internet explained 38.8% of the attitude of students toward e-learning.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • e-learning
  • agricultural high school students
  • Attitude
  • Zanjan Province
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