رابطه کنترل عواطف و تحمل پریشانی با استفاده آسیب‌زا از تلفن همراه در میان دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مشاوره خانواده، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه روان شناسی، دانشگاه سلمان فارسی، کازرون، ایران

3 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روان شناسی، واحد اراک، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اراک، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی رابطه کنترل عواطف و تحمل پریشانی با استفاده آسیب­زا از تلفن ‌همراه در میان دانشجویان پیام نور تهران بود. پژوهش حاضر از نوع توصیفی- همبستگی است. جامعه آماری این پژوهش کلیه دانشجویان تحصیلات تکمیلی دانشگاه پیام نور واحد شهر تهران در سال تحصیلی 94-1393 می‌باشند. نمونه این تحقیق شامل 160 نفر بود که با روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس از بین جامعه دانشجویان دانشگاه پیام نور واحد شرق تهران انتخاب شدند. داده‌ها، به وسیله آزمون استفاده آسیب­زا از تلفن همراه ویلیامز و همکاران، آزمون کنترل عواطف و مقیاس تحمل پریشانی سیمونز و گاهر گردآوری شد. به منظور آزمون فرضیه­ها، با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSSاز آزمون­ های آماری همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون چندگانه استفاده شده است. نتایج همبستگی پیرسون نشان داد که کنترل عواطف و مؤلفه ­های آن و هم‌چنین، تحمل پریشانی، با استفاده مفرط دانشجویان از تلفن همراه رابطه منفی و معناداری دارد. هم‌چنین، نتایج رگرسیون چندگانه نشان داد که کنترل عواطف و تحمل پریشانی استفاده مفرط از تلفن همراه را در بین دانشجویان پیش­بینی می­کند. با توجه به یافته­های پژوهشی می­توان نتیجه گرفت که کنترل عواطف و تحمل پریشانی نقش مهمی در پیش­ بینی استفاده آسیب­زای دانشجویان از تلفن­ همراه دارند. لذا، توجه ویژه مسؤولان آموزشی به استرسورهای دانشجویی و تقویت جنبه­ های مثبت شخصیتی آنان توصیه می‌گردد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Emotions' Control, Distress Tolerance and Harmful Use of Cell Phones among Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nader Ayadi 1
  • Moslem Abbasi 2
  • Zabih Pirani 2
  • Davoud Tagvaie 2
  • Arash Pirani 3
1 M.A. Student of Family Counseling, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor of Psychology, Salman Farsi University of Kazerun, Kazerun, Iran
3 M.A. Student of Psychology, Arak Branch, Islamic Azad University, Arak, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between emotions' control, distress tolerance and harmful use of cell phones among students of Payame Noor University of Tehran. The present study was descriptive- correlation. The statistical population of the study consisted of all graduate students of Payame Noor University of Tehran in 2014-15 academic year. The study sample consisted of 160 subjects selected by available sampling among students of Payame Noor University of East Tehran. Data were collected using harmful use of cell phones' test of Williams et al. (COS), emotions' control test (ECS) and distress tolerance scale of Simmons and Gahr (DTS). In order to test hypotheses, using SPSS software, Pearson correlation and multiple regression analysis were used. Pearson's correlation results showed that emotions' control and its components, as well as distress tolerance had a significant negative relationship with excessive use of mobile phones by students. Also, the results of multiple regression showed that emotions' control and distress tolerance predict excessive use of cell phones among students. According to the findings it can be concluded that emotions' control and distress tolerance played an important role in predicting harmful use of cell phones by students. Therefore, educational authorities' special attention to the student stressors and strengthen positive aspects of their personality is recommended.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • excessive use of mobile phones
  • emotions' control
  • distress tolerance
  • students
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