بازنمایی چالش‎های آموزش مجازی در نظام آموزش عالی ایران: مطالعه‌ای با روش پدیدار شناسی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد تحقیقات آموزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه روش‌ها و برنامه‌های درسی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

آموزش مجازی، فرصتی بی‌‌بدیل برای رویارویی با محدودیت‌‌های آموزش حضوری، تحقق آرمان آموزش برای همه و زمینه‌‌سازی برای توسعه پایدار و متوازن در کشور است. پژوهش حاضر، با هدف تحلیل ادراک و تجربه‌ زیسته دانشجویان و استادان دانشگاه از چالش‌های آموزش مجازی در نظام آموزش عالی انجام شده ‌است. بدین‌ منظور با بهره‌گیری از روش کیفی و با رویکرد‌ پدیدارشناسی به شناسایی و بازنمایی پدیده مورد بررسی پرداخته شد. داده‌‌ها با استفاده از نمونه‌‌گیری هدف‌مند و مصاحبه عمیق نیمه ساختار ‌یافته با بیست نفر از دانشجویان و مدرسان دوره‌‌های مجازی دانشگاه تهران گردآوری شد و به روش کلایزی تحلیل‌گردید. در شانزدهمین مصاحبه، اشباع نظری داده‌‎ها حاصل‌ شد. اما، به ‌منظور اعتباربخشی یافته‌‌ها، مصاحبه‌ها تا بیستمین نفر ادامه یافت. تحلیل داده‌‌های حاصل از مصاحبه‌‌ها، منجر به شناسایی 5 مقوله اصلی گردید که شامل چالش‌های «مربوط به دانشگاه»، «مربوط به استاد»، «مربوط به دانشجو»، «مربوط به سامانه» و «مربوط به کلاس» است. یافته‌‌ها نشان‌ داد که آموزش‌‌های مجازی در نظام آموزش عالی با چالش‌های متنوع و متفاوتی مواجه هستند و تا رسیدن به شرایط بهینه، فاصله دوچندانی داشته و بهبود کیفیت آن، مستلزم نگاه جدی متولیان و دوری از طرز تلقی آموزش درجه دوم به این قبیل آموزش‌ها است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Representation Challenges of Virtual Training in Iran's Higher Education System: A Study of Phenomenological Approach

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahdi Ghorbankhani 1
  • Keivan Salehi 2
1 M.A. Student in Educational Research, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Curriculum Development and Instruction Methods, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

Virtual training is a unique opportunity to face the limitations of face to face training, realization of the education goals for all and contextualization for sustainable and balanced development in the country. The present study was done to analyze the perceptions and lived experience of students and faculty members about the challenges of virtual training in higher education. For this purpose, phenomenological method was used to identify and representation the depth of the phenomenon under study. Data were collected using purposive sampling and semi-structured interviews with twenty students and faculty members of virtual courses of University of Tehran and were analyzed by Colaizzi's method. In the sixteenth interview data saturation was achieved but to validate the findings continued interviews until the twentieth person. Analysis of the interviews led to the identification of five main categories, including challenges related to the 'University', 'professors', 'students', 'LMS' and 'virtual class'. The results showed that virtual training in the higher education system are facing diverse challenges and is very far to achieve optimal conditions and improve the quality requires a serious attention of custodians and lack of discrimination in this type of education.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • virtual training
  • Phenomenology
  • Challenges
  • teaching-learning process
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