رابطه برداشت از مفهوم یادگیری با راهبردهای یادگیری در یادگیرندگان فضای مجازی و واقعی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد روان‌شناسی‌تربیتی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

2 استادیار گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی تربیتی تحولی، دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش، بررسی ارتباط بین برداشت یادگیرندگان از مفهوم یادگیری با راهبردهای شناختی و فراشناختی یادگیری بود. به عبارتی، سهم هر یک از مؤلفه ­های برداشت یادگیرندگان از مفهوم یادگیری در پیش­‎بینی راهبردهای شناختی و فراشناختی، در دو گروه یادگیرندگان فضای مجازی و واقعی مشخص شد و دو گروه مورد مقایسه قرار گرفتند. در این پژوهش، از روش تحقیق همبستگی استفاده شد. جامعه آماری شامل کارمندان مراکز فنی و حرفه ای بود که آموزش مهارت ICDL را دریافت نموده ­اند. حجم جامعه آماری بالغ بر 18000 نفر می‌باشد که به دلیل حجم بالای جامعه از روش نمونه‌گیری در دسترس استفاده شد. به وسیله جدول کرجسی و مورگان، 376 نفر از یادگیرندگان مهارت ICDL که کارمندان مراکز فنی و حرفه­ای با مدرک تحصیلی لیسانس و فوق­ لیسانس بودند، انتخاب شدند. ابزار جمع­ آوری داده‌ها، دو پرسش‌نامه راهبردهای یادگیری کرمی و برداشت از مفهوم یادگیری بود که پس از تأیید روایی و پایایی مورد استفاده قرار گرفتند. برای تحلیل داده­ها از روش­های آماری رگرسیون چندگانه، آزمون t برای نمونه­ های مستقلو ضریب همبستگی پیرسون استفاده شد. یافته­ های به­ دست آمده از پژوهش، حاکی از ارتباط معنادار بین برداشت یادگیرندگان از مفهوم یادگیری در محیط­ های یادگیری مجازی و واقعی با راهبردهای شناختی، فراشناختی بود. مؤلفه­ هایی که بیشترین توان پیش‎بینی راهبردهای شناختی و فراشناختی یادگیرندگان فضای مجازی و واقعی را داشتند، برداشت یادگیرندگان به عنوان وظیفه، به خاطر آوردن و درک اطلاعات، و تغییر شخصی بودند.هم‌چنین، کسانی که در محیط­ های مجازی آموزش دیده بودند، به میزان بیشتری از راهبردهای شناختی و فراشناختی استفاده می‌کردند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Relationship between Conceptions of Learning and Learning Strategies in Virtual and Real Space Learners

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fatemeh Abbasi 1
  • Hosein Pourshahriar 2
  • Jalil Fathabadi 3
1 MA in Educational Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
3 Associate Professor, Department of Evolutionary Educational Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of the present research was to investigate the relationship between conceptions of learning with cognitive and metacognitive strategies, and identifying the relative contribution of each of them in predicting learning strategies approaches by virtual space and real space learners and these two groups were compared. Correlational research method was used in this study. The statistical population of this research included staff of professional and technical centers to be fitted that taught ICDL skill. The size of this population was approximately 18000 people due to the high volume that fitted the community of available sampling methods were used. In order to find this, based on Krejcie and Morgan table, 376 employees of the professional and technical centers who had been earlier taught ICDL skill and had the bachelor and Master degree were chosen as sample. The data collection tools were the Karami learning strategies and Conceptions of Learning, after confirming the validity and reliability were used. Data were analyzed using multiple regression test, two independent samples t test and Correlation coefficient. Results indicated that there was significant difference between cognitive and metacognitive, and conceptions of learning by virtual space and real space learners. Results indicated that learning as a duty, remembering and personal change was the meaningful predicting factors of cognitive and metacognitive approaches by virtual space and real space learners. As well as those who were trained in the virtual environment, the amount of cognitive and metacognitive strategies of more use.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • cognitive strategies
  • metacognitive strategies
  • learning
  • Virtual Space
  • real space
  • conceptions of learning
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