رابطه استفاده مفرط از اینترنت با عملکرد تحصیلی دانشجویان: نقش واسطه‌ای استرس ادراک شده

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه روان‎شناسی، دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد روان‎شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر، با هدف بررسی رابطه استفاده مفرط از اینترنت با عملکرد تحصیلی دانشجویان با توجه به نقش واسطه‌ای استرس ادراک شده، انجام شده است. این پژوهش توصیفی از نوع همبستگی است. جامعه آماری پژوهش شامل کلیه دانشجویان مقطع کارشناسی دانشگاه کاشان در سال تحصیلی 95-1394 بود. تعداد 288 دانشجو (218 دختر و 70 پسر) با روش نمونه‌گیری چندمرحله‌ای طبقه‌ای (متناسب با جنسیت) انتخاب شدند. برای جمع‌آوری اطلاعات از پرسش‌نامه‌های اعتیاد به اینترنت یانگ و استرس ادراک شده کوهن و همکاران، و معدل دانشجویان به عنوان ملاک عملکرد تحصیلی استفاده شد. داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل رگرسیون سلسه مراتبی مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. نتایج نشان داد که استفاده از اینترنت با عملکرد تحصیلی همبستگی منفی معناداری داشته و به طور معکوس آن را پیش‌بینی می‌نماید. هم‌چنین، نتایج رگرسیون سلسه مراتبی نشان ‌دهنده نقش واسطه‌ای استرس ادراک شده در رابطه میان استفاده از اینترنت و عملکرد تحصیلی بود. نتایج تلویحاً نشان ‌داد که استفاده مفرط از اینترنت نه تنها عواقب سوء بهداشتی مستقیم، بلکه اثرات منفی غیرمستقیم از طریق استرس ادارک شده بر عملکرد تحصیلی جوانان دارد. این یافته‌ها به درک و بینش بهتر مربیان و متخصصان سلامت و سیاست‌گذاران از تأثیرات استفاده مفرط و آسیب‌زا از اینترنت در میان دانشجویان و تدوین مداخله مناسب کمک می‌کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Excessive Internet Use and Academic Performance among Students: The Mediating Role of the Perceived Stress

نویسندگان [English]

  • Majid Sadoughi 1
  • Zahra Mohammad Salehi 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
2 M.A. in Educational Psychology, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The present study aimed to explore the relationship between excessive Internet use and academic performance among students by considering the mediating role of perceived stress. This study was descriptive with correlational design. The statistical population comprised all B.A. students of the University of Kashan in the 2015-16 academic year. Stratified multi-stage sampling based on gender was used to select 288 students (218 females and 70 males). The data collection instruments included Young's Internet addiction test and Cohen’s perceived stress scale. In addition, students’ Grade Point Average (GPA) was considered as the criterion for their academic performance. Pearson Correlation Coefficient and Hierarchical Regression Analysis were used to analyze the data. The results indicated that Internet use had a statistically significant negative relationship with students’ academic performance and can inversely predict it. Moreover, hierarchical regression analysis showed the mediating role of perceived stress in the relationship between Internet use and academic performance. Finding implicitly indicated that excessive Internet use has not only direct adverse health consequences but also indirect negative effects on students’ academic performance through perceived stress. The findings yield significant insights for education practitioners, health specialists, and policy makers in making interventions regarding the excessive and problematic use of the Internet among students.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • excessive Internet use
  • Academic performance
  • Perceived stress

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