تأثیر یادگیری الکترونیکی بر مهارت‌های ارتباطی دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد تکنولوژی آموزشی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه روانشناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

به کمک سیستم مدیریت یادگیری، می‌توان به ارایه انواع محتوای تحت وب پرداخت که در سال‌های اخیر استقبال زیادی از آن شده است. این مطالعه، با هدف تعیین تأثیر یادگیری الکترونیکی با روش مودل، بر مهارت‌های ارتباطی با دو متغیر ابراز وجود و سازگاری ­اجتماعی دانشجویان است. روش پژوهش، از نوع شبه‌آزمایشی به همراه گروه کنترل و گواه بوده است. جامعه مورد نظر دانشجویان دانشگاه علامه­طباطبایی در سال تحصیلی 96-1395 بودند. از پرسش‌نامه سازگاری اجتماعی بل (با پایایی 0/89) و پرسش‌نامه ابراز وجود گمبل و ریجی (با پایایی 0/88) به عنوان ابزار پژوهش استفاده شد. 170 پرسش‌نامه بین دانشجویان دانشکده روان‌شناسی توزیع شد و سپس، با توجه به داده­های به دست آمده 50 نفر از کسانی­که دارای پایین­ترین میزان سازگاری ­اجتماعی و ابراز وجود بودند، انتخاب شدند. کل افراد انتخاب شده، به صورت تصادفی ­ساده، در دو گروه آزمایش و کنترل قرارگرفتند. گروه آزمایش هشت جلسه شصت دقیقه‌ای به کمک یادگیری الکترونیکی، آموزش مربوط به مهارت­های ابراز وجود و سازگاری ­اجتماعی را دریافت کردند و گروه کنترل به شیوه مرسوم آموزش دیدند. داده­های دو گروه به روش کوواریانس تحلیل شدند. نتایج حاکی از اختلاف معنی­ دار بین گروه کنترل و آزمایش بود و این اختلاف به نفع گروه آزمایش بود. بر اساس این پژوهش می‌توان نتیجه­گیری کرد که یادگیری­ الکترونیکی موجب ارتقای مهارت ­های ارتباطی می­شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Electronic Learning on Student's Communication Skills

نویسندگان [English]

  • Narges Saedi 1
  • Esmaeil Saadipor 2
1 M.A. Graduated in Educational Technology, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Educational Psychology, Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

With the help of the Learning Management system, it can offer a variety of web-based content that has been welcomed in recent years. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of e-learning by Moodle method on communication skills with two variables of assertive and social adjustment of students. The research method was quasi-experimental with control and experimental group. The statistical population was students of Allameh Tabataba'i University in the academic year of 2016-17. Bell's social adjustment questionnaire (with a reliability of 0.89) and the Gambrill & Richey Assertion Inventory (with a reliability of 0.88) were used as a research tool. 170 questionnaires were distributed among the students of the faculty of Psychology and then, according to the data obtained, 50 people with the lowest level of social adjustment and assertiveness were selected. All subjects were randomly assigned into two groups of experimental and control. The experimental group received eight sixty-minute sessions with the help of e-learning, training on social assertiveness and social skills, and the control group trained in a conventional way. Data were analyzed by Covariance method. The results showed a significant difference between the control and experimental groups and this difference was in favor of the experimental group. Based on this research, it can be concluded that electronic learning improves communication skills.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • e-learning
  • assertive
  • Social Adjustment
  • students

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