واکاوی مفهوم هوشمندسازی به منظور ارایه الگوی برنامه درسی مناسب جهت دوره ابتدایی ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری برنامه‌ریزی درسی، واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اصفهان، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه علوم تربیتی، واحد اصفهان (خوراسگان)، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر، با هدف واکاوی مفهوم هوشمندسازی به منظور ارایه الگوی برنامه درسی مناسب جهت دوره ابتدایی ایران، با روش ترکیبی از نوع اکتشافی در دو بخش کیفی (روش تحلیل محتوای کیفی و روش سنتز پژوهی) و کمی (پرسش‌نامه) انجام شد. حوزه پژوهش در سطح کیفی در قسمت تحلیل محتوا (مقالات و کتاب‌های حوزه برنامه ‌درسی مبتنی بر هوشمندسازی) و در قسمت سنتز پژوهی (کشورهای دارای برنامه‌ درسی مبتنی بر هوشمندسازی مالزی، استرالیا، فنلاند، سنگاپور، کره جنوبی و انگلیس) بوده است. نمونه‌گیری به صورت تدریجی انجام شد و تا سر حد اشباع ادامه یافت. جامعه آماری در بخش کمی شامل متخصصان برنامه درسی، تکنولوژی آموزشی و مدرسان هوشمندسازی در ایران بود. حجم نمونه از طریق فرمول کوکران 375 نفر برآورد گردند. از طریق نمونهگیری تصادفی خوشه­ ای چندمرحله ­ای نمونه مورد نظر انتخاب و پرسش‌نامه 41 گویه­ ای در اختیار افراد قرار گرفت. برای تأیید اعتبار یافته­ ها در بخش کیفی از معیار باور­پذیری (بهره­گیری از افراد خارج از محدوده پژوهش) و برای تأمین اطمینان ­پذیری از روش حسابرسی (کنترل بیشینه ­ای در مرحله یادداشت‌برداری) استفاده شد. تجزیه و تحلیل اطلاعات در بخش کیفی با به کاربری نظام مقوله­ ای قیاسی و کدگذاری موضوعی و در بخش کمی به روش تحلیل عاملی تأییدی انجام گرفت. نتایج نشان داد هوشمندسازی مفهومی است که در برگیرنده ابعاد پنج گانه سیستم مدیریت، محیط یاددهی و یادگیری، توانمندسازی، سخت‌افزار و نرم‌افزار بوده و مدل برنامه درسی مبتنی بر هوشمندسازی دارای ساختاری با عناصر اهداف، محتوا، روش­ های یاددهی و یادگیری و روش­ های ارزشیابی می­ باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Analysis of the Making Smart Concept In Order To Provide Appropriate Curriculum for Primary School of Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mohammad Reza Ghaznavi 1
  • Zohre Saadatmand 2
  • Narges Keshtiaray 2
1 Ph.D. Student of Curriculum Planning, Isfahan (Khorasgan) Branch, Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Isfahan (Khorasgan Branch), Islamic Azad University, Isfahan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study is to understand the concept of intelligence in order to design a suitable curriculum for elementary in Iran using a combination of exploratory method in two qualitative (qualitative content analysis method and synthesis research method) and quantitative (questionnaire) section was done. The field of research at the qualitative level in content analysis was all intelligence based curriculum articles and books and in the synthesis research section included reviewing countries with intelligence curriculum, that is Malaysia, Australia, Finland, Singapore, England and South Korea. The sampling was done gradually and the saturation limits continued. Statistical population in qualitative section included specialist's in the field of curriculum, educational technology and intelligent instructors in Iran. The sample size was estimated at 375 by the Cochran formula. The sample was selected through multistage cluster random sampling and 41 item questionnaire was presented to the people. To validate the findings in the qualitative section, credibility was used (using people out of the scope of research) and to ensure the reliability, the audit method (maximum control during note taking) was used. Analysis of information in the qualitative section using the system of deductive category and subject coding and in the quantitative part in the method conformed factor analysis. The results showed intelligence is a concept which included five dimensions of management system, teaching and learning environment, empowerment, hardware and software and the curriculum model based on structural intelligence have the elements of goals, content, methods of teaching and learning and evaluation methods.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • curriculum design
  • make smart
  • primary school
  • the educational system

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