طراحی الگوی آمادگی آموزش الکترونیکی در نظام آموزشی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی مهاباد

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مدیریت آموزش عالی، دانشگاه سیستان و بلوچستان، زاهدان، ایران

2 استادیار گروه مدیریت آموزش عالی، واحد مهاباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مهاباد، ایران

چکیده

هدف تحقیق حاضر، طراحی الگوی آمادگی آموزش الکترونیکی در نظام آموزشی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی مهاباد بود. روش تحقیق آمیخته با رویکرد کیفی و کمی بود. جامعه تحقیق اعضای هیأت علمی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی مهاباد بود. نمونه تحقیق در بخش کمی 120 نفر بود که به روش تصادفی طبقه­ای انتخاب شدند. در بخش کیفی 10 نفر با توجه به نمونه­ گیری هدف‌مند انتخاب شدند. ابزار تحقیق در بخش کمی شامل دو پرسش‌نامه آمادگی آموزش الکترونیکی با پایایی 0/91 و موانع آموزش الکترونیکی با پایایی 0/86 بود. روایی صوری با توجه به نظر متخصصان مناسب گزارش شد. و ابزار در بخش کیفی مصاحبه نیمه ­ساخت‎مند بوده است. به منظور تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون تی و تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و تحلیل محتوا (کدگذاری باز، محوری و گزینشی) استفاده شد. نتایج در بخش آمادگی آموزش الکترونیکی با توجه به آزمون تی معنی ­دار بود و در بخش موانع آموزش الکترونیکی با توجه به تحلیل عامل اکتشافی (چرخش واریماکس) 5 عامل پداگوژی- رفتاری، مدیریتی- ساختاری، اقتصادی- فرهنگی، زمینه ­ای- تکنولوژی و فردی- حرفه ­ای شناسایی شد. هم‌چنین، در بخش مصاحبه 59 گزاره مفهومی اولیه و 5 گزاره مقوله اصلی و 14 مقوله فرعی در سه بخش علی، زمینه­ ای و محیطی شناسایی شده است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Designing an E-Learning Readiness Model in Educational System of Islamic Azad University of Mahabad

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rouhollah Bagheri Majd 1
  • Naser Sedghi Boukani 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Higher Education Management, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Boukan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Boukan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of the present study was to design an e-learning education model in educational system of the Islamic Azad University of Mahabad. The research method included a combination of qualitative and quantitative approaches. The statistical population of research included faculty members of the Islamic Azad University of Mahabad. In the quantitative section, through a simple stratified random sampling method 120 individuals were selected as the sample. In the qualitative section 10 individuals were selected as the sample of the study through a purposive sampling method. In quantitative section, data collection instruments were two questionnaires of preparation for electronic education and barriers of electronic education which had a reliability of 0.91 and 0.86, respectively. The face validity was reported appropriate according to the experts' opinion. In the qualitative section the instrument was semi-structured interview. In order to analyze data, t test, exploratory factor analysis and content analysis (open, axial and selective coding) tests were used. Results were significant in the e-learning readiness section according to t test and in the barriers section of e-learning according to exploratory factor analysis (Varimax rotation), five factors were recognized e.g. pedagogy-behavioral, managerial-structural, economic-cultural, context-technological and individual-professional. Also during interviews, 59 primary conceptual propositions in addition to 5 main category propositions and 14 subsidiary propositions were identified in three sections of causal, contextual and environmental.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Higher Education
  • e-learning
  • e-learning obstacles
  • e-learning readiness

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