ارزیابی جامع مدارس هوشمند برای بهبود تصمیم‌سازی راهبردی با فرایند تحلیل شبکه فازی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه یزد، یزد، ایران

2 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد برنامه‌ریزی درسی، دانشگاه یزد، یزد، ایران

چکیده

پژوهش حاضر با هدف ارزیابی جامع مدارس هوشمند دوره متوسطه اول شهر یزد در چارچوب SWOT برای ارایه گزینه­های تصمیم­سازی راهبردی مبتنی بر فرآیند تحلیل شبکه (ANP) فازی در سال تحصیلی 95-1394 انجام شد. ابتدا قوت‌ها، ضعف‌ها، فرصت‌ها و تهدیدهای مدارس هوشمند با استفاده از نظر خبرگان شناسایی شد. سپس، پرسش‌نامه‌های سه زیر جامعه معلمان، دانش‌آموزان و والدین طراحی، اجرای مقدماتی و اجرای نهایی شد. پس از گردآوری داده‌ها، وزن­دهی و رتبه‌بندی گویه‌های هر پرسش‌نامه با استفاده از فن ویکور فازی انجام شد. هم‌چنین، راهبردها توسط پنج متخصص برنامه‌ریزی درسی و فن­آوری اطلاعات تدوین شد. سپس، با تلفیق نتایج ماتریس SWOT متشکل از 15 زیرعامل در ANP فازی، اولویت راهبرد‌ها مشخص شد. بر این اساس، راهبرد تهاجمی یا توسعه‌ای (SO) (با وزن 0/322) به عنوان بهترین راهبرد شناخته شد و بعد به ترتیب، راهبرد رقابتی (ST) (با وزن 0/303)، راهبرد محافظه­کارانه (WO) (با وزن 0/242) و راهبرد تدافعی (WT) (با وزن 0/135) به عنوان راهبردهای جایگزین پیشنهاد شدند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Evaluation of Smart School in SWOT Framework to Strategic Decision-Making with ANP Fuzzy

نویسندگان [English]

  • Ahmad Zandvanian 1
  • Mahdieh Al-Sadat Mirrahimi Bidakhavidi 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
2 M.A in Curriculum Planning, Yazd University, Yazd, Iran
چکیده [English]

The main purpose of this research was comprehensive evaluation of smart middle schools in SWOT framework to strategic decision-making with ANP fuzzy in Yazd city (Iran) in 2015-16 academic year. At first, the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats of smart schools were identified by expert's opinions. Then, questionnaires of three sub-population of teachers, students and parents were designed, and pilot analysis and data gathering implemented. After collecting data, weighting and ranking of each questionnaire`s items was conducted using the technique of fuzzy VIKOR method. As well as, strategies were developed by five experts in curriculum planning and information technology. By combining the results of SWOT matrix and fuzzy ANP, priorities of strategies were identified. As a result, strength- opportunity (SO) Strategies was recognized as the best strategy (weighing 0.322), and after, respectively, competitive strategy (ST) (weighting 0.303), conservative strategy (WO) (weighting 0.242) and defensive strategy (WT) (weighting 0.135) were proposed as an alternative strategies.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • smart school
  • Evaluation
  • SWOT
  • Fuzzy Analytical Network Process (ANP)

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