بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر تمایلات رفتاری نسبت به استفاده از فناوری اطلاعات در کارکنان مدارس الکترونیکی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مدیریت آموزشی، واحد تنکابن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تنکابن، ایران

2 دانش آموخته کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت آموزشی، واحد تنکابن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تنکابن، ایران

3 دانشجوی دکترای مدیریت آموزشی، واحد تنکابن، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تنکابن، ایران

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی عوامل مؤثر بر تمایلات رفتاری نسبت به استفاده از فناوری اطلاعات در کارکنان مدارس الکترونیکی استان گیلان انجام شد. روش پژوهش توصیفی از نوع همبستگی بوده است. جامعه آماری، شامل کلیه کارکنان مدارس الکترونیکی استان گیلان به تعداد 2145 بود. حجم نمونه بر اساس فرمول کوکران 326 نفر برآورد گردید و از روش نمونه‌گیری غیراحتمالی در دسترس استفاده شد. ابزار پژوهش شامل پرسش‌نامه‎ محقق ساخته برای اندازه‌گیری متغیرهای اثرگذار بر تمایلات رفتاری نسبت به استفاده از فناوری اطلاعات می‎باشد. جهت سنجش روایی ابزار از روش روایی صوری و روایی همگرا با استفاده از میانگین واریانس استخراج شده (AVE) که بالاتر از 0/5 برآورد گردید، استفاده شد و پایایی ابزار با استفاده از آلفای کرونباخ 0/85 و هم‎چنین،‎ با استفاده از اعتبار ترکیبی از طریق ضریب دیلون- گلدنشتاین بالای 0/7 محاسبه شد. تحلیل داده‎ها از طریق آمار استنباطی و تکنیک آماری مدل‌یابی معادلات ساختاری با رویکرد حداقل مربعات جزیی انجام شده است. نتایج حاکی از تأثیر هنجارهای ذهنی، سودمندی ادراک شده، سهولت ادراک شده، ریسک ادراک شده، تجربه نسبت به استفاده و انتظار بهبود عملکرد بر تمایل رفتاری نسبت به استفاده از فناوری اطلاعات دارد. هم‎چنین،‎ نتایج نشان داد، سازگاری ادراک شده در رابطه بین سودمندی ادراک شده و سهولت ادراک شده، ریسک ادراک شده، تجربه نسبت به استفاده، انتظار بهبود عملکرد و تمایلات رفتاری نسبت به استفاده از فناوری اطلاعات، نقش تعدیل‌کنندگی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Factors Affecting Behavioral Tendencies toward Using Information Technology in Electronic Schools Staffs

نویسندگان [English]

  • Zohreh Shakibaei 1
  • Ozra Semnani 2
  • Maryam Golitavana 3
1 Assistant Professor in Educational Management Department, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran
2 M.A. in Educational Management, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran
3 Ph.D. Student in Educational Management, Tonekabon Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tonekabon, Iran
چکیده [English]

The research was conducted with the aim of investigating the factors affecting behavioral tendencies toward using information technology in Guilan electronic schools staffs. The research method was descriptive-correlational. The statistical population included all the staff of the electronic schools of Guilan province with the 2145 number of participants. The sample size was estimated to be 326 by Cochran formula as well as available inaccurate sampling. The research instrument was a researcher-made questionnaire to measure the variables affecting behavioral tendencies toward the use of information technology. In order to measure the validity of the tool, face and convergent validity were used through the mean of variance (AVE), which was more than 0.5. Calculating Cronbach's Alpha showed the reliability of the tool was 0.85, also calculating Dillon-Goldstein coefficient combined validity indicated the result above 0.7. Data analysis was carried out by the use of inferential statistics and statistical technique of structural equation modeling with partial least squares approach. The results indicated the effect of subjective norms, perceived usefulness, perceived ease, perceived risk, experience in comparison to the use and the expectation of performance improvement on behavioral tendency toward using information technology. Also, the results showed that perceived adaptation has a moderating role in the relationship between perceived usefulness and perceived ease, perceived risk, experience with use, expectation of performance improvement and behavioral tendencies toward the use of information technology.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • behavioral tendency toward using information technology
  • perceived compatibility
  • perceived usefulness
  • perceived ease
  • experience in comparison to use
  • electronic schools
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