رضایت‌مندی دانش‌آموزان پایه دهم از آموزش به شیوه مشارکتی سنتی- ترکیبی بر پایه سه روش منتخب

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار گروه مطالعات برنامه درسی، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری مطالعات برنامه درسی، دانشگاه تربیت دبیر شهید رجایی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این پژوهش، مطالعه اثربخشی یاددهی- یادگیری سنتی بر پایه آموزش مشارکتی مبتنی بر روش استفاده از پاورپوینت، وبلاگ و تالار گفت‎وگو و شبکه مجازی بر رضایت‌مندی و پیشرفت تحصیلی دانش‌آموزان پایه دهم بود. این پژوهش به روش نیمه تجربی برای دانش‌آموزان پایه دهم رشته علوم تجربی در سال تحصیلی 96 -1395 منطقه 20 تهران انجام شد. از میان دبیرستان‌های دخترانه، 3 کلاس درس (16 نفر، 13 نفر و 18 نفر) از دانش‌آموزان به صورت خوشه‌ای انتخاب و برای درس زیست‌شناسی اجرا شد. ابزار جمع‌آوری اطلاعات علاوه بر نمرات تحصیلی، پرسش‌نامه رضایت‎مندی محقق ساخته بود. روایی محتوایی آن توسط متخصصان و پایایی آن با روش آزمون مجدد (0/76 =r) تأیید گردید. استفاده از آزمون t وابسته برای بررسی نمرات پیشرفت درسی انتخاب و جهت تحلیل داده‌ها از آزمون لوین برای بررسی همگنی واریانس‌ها و تحلیل ANOVA برای بررسی اثرگذاری سه روش یادگیری منتخب (پاورپوینت، وبلاگ و تالار گفت‌وگو وشبکه‌های مجازی) استفاده شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که روش یادگیری مشارکتی در پیشرفت درسی و میزان رضایت از روش تدریس و یادگیری مؤثر است. بر اساس یافته‌ها، بیشترین تأثیرگذاری مربوط به استفاده از روش وبلاگ و تالار گفت‎وگو است. یکی از دلایل استفاده از وبلاگ مربوط به مرتب بودن داده‌ها بدون محدودیت، ارایه دادن مطالب، رنگی نشان دادن مطالب، اضافه کردن صدا تصویر، اضافه شدن لینک‌ها به ترتیب سودمندی در یک قسمت از کار است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Satisfaction of the Tenth Grade Students about the Cooperative Traditional- Blending Learning Based on Three Selected Methods

نویسندگان [English]

  • Gholamali Ahmadi 1
  • Afsaneh Azizi Alavijeh 2
1 Asociate Professor, Department of Curriculum Studies, Shahid Rajaee University, Tehran, Iran
2 Ph.D. Student of Curriculum Studies, Shahid Rajaee University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this research was to study the effectiveness of traditional teaching- learning based on participatory education based on the use of PowerPoint, blog, discussion forum and virtual network on satisfaction and academic achievement of the 10th grade students. This quasi-experimental study was conducted for the 10th grade students of the natural sciences in the academic year of 2016-17 in the 20th district of Tehran. A cluster was selected from high school girls including 3 classrooms (16 students, 13 people and 18 students) and biology course was chosen for the study. The data collection instruments included satisfaction questionnaire made by the researcher in addition to the academic scores. Its content validity was confirmed by experts and its reliability was confirmed by the test-retest method (r = 0.76). t test was applied to analyze the achievement test scores. Moreover, in order for the data analysis, Levine’s Test was given to analyze the homogeneity of the variances. ANOVA Analysis was done to determine the effectiveness of the three selected learning methods (PowerPoints, weblogs, forums, and virtual networks). The results of the study showed that the participatory learning method is effective in the students’ achievements and the level of satisfaction about the teaching and learning methods. Based on the findings, the most influential techniques included the use of weblogs and forums. One of the reasons for using weblogs was considered to be the unlimited data sorting, presentation, colorful displaying of content, adding image sound, as well as adding links in useful order in a part of the job.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • traditional learning
  • active learning
  • participatory learning
  • Web-based Learning
  • Satisfaction
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