بررسی اثرات مستقیم و غیرمستقیم استفاده از شبکه‌های اجتماعی مجازی بر پیامدهای اجتماعی و یادگیری دانشجویان

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم تربیتی، واحد سقز، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، سقز، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت آموزشی، دانشگاه خوارزمی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی اثرات مستقیم و غیرمستقیم استفاده از شبکه­های اجتماعی مجازی بر پیامدهای اجتماعی و یادگیری دانشجویان بود. روش انجام پژوهش همبستگی- علّی بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش شامل 4500 نفر از دانشجویان دانشگاه­های آزاد اسلامی و پیام­نور شهر سقز در سال تحصیلی 96 -1395 بود. با توجه به جامعه مورد نظر، با استفاده از جدول تعیین حجم نمونه کرجسی و مورگان، تعداد 354 نفر با روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی طبق‌ه­ای به عنوان حجم نمونه انتخاب شدند. به منظور جمع ­آوری داده‌­های پژوهش از پرسش‌نامه شبکه‌های اجتماعی و پیامدهای اجتماعی و یادگیری یان‎یو و همکاران استفاده شد. این پرسش‌نامه دارای 26 گویه است که متغیرهای استفاده از شبکه‌­های اجتماعی، فرهن‌گ­پذیری، پذیرش اجتماعی، عزت­نفس، رضایت از زندگی دانشجویی و مهارت­های عملکردی را مورد اندازه­گیری قرار می­دهد. به منظور بررسی روایی پرسش‌نامه از روایی صوری و محتوایی، تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و برای بررسی پایایی آن از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ استفاده شد که مقدار آن برای کل پرسش‌نامه، 0/85 به دست آمد. تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌­ها از طریق آزمون همبستگی پیرسون و تحلیل مسیر با استفاده از نرم­‌افزارهای SPSS و Amos انجام شد. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که استفاده از شبکه‌های اجتماعی مجازی با پیامدهای اجتماعی و پیامدهای یادگیری رابطه مثبت و معناداری دارد. هم‌چنین، نتایج تحلیل مسیر نشان داد که استفاده از شبکه­‌های اجتماعی به طور مستقیم بر پیامدهای یادگیری اثر معناداری ندارد؛ ولی، با میانجی‌­گری پیامدهای اجتماعی و به طور غیرمستقیم بر پیامدهای یادگیری دانشجویان اثر می‌گذارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Investigation of Direct and Indirect Effects of Virtual Social Networks on Students Social and Learning Outcomes

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rzgar Mohammadi 1
  • Ayoub Faizy 2
1 Assistant Professor, Department of Educational Sciences, Saghez Branch, Islamic Azad University, Saghez, Iran
2 Ph.D. Student of Educational Administration, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this research was the investigation of direct and indirect effects of virtual social networks on student’s social and learning outcomes. Research method was casual-correlation. The statistical population of this research included 4500 students of Islamic Azad University and Payame Noor University of Saqez in the 2016-17 academic year. According to the statistical population and using Krejcie & Morgan sampling table, 354 people were selected as the sample by stratified random sampling method. In order to collect research data, Yan Yu et al. virtual social networks, social and learning outcomes questionnaires were used. The questionnaire has 26 items that measure research variables included: using virtual social networks, acculturation, social acceptance, self-esteem, satisfaction of University life and performance proficiency. To assess the validity of this questionnaire, formal and content validity and to assess reliability exploratory factor analysis and coefficient of Cronbach's alpha were used. Cronbach's alpha was 0.85. Data were analyzed by Pearson correlation test and path analysis using SPSS and Amos software. The result showed that using virtual social networks has a positive and significant relationship with social outcomes and learning outcomes. Also, the results of path analysis showed that using virtual social networks does not directly affect the learning outcomes, but by mediating social outcomes has indirectly effect on the outcomes of student learning.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • virtual social networks
  • social outcomes
  • learning outcomes
  • University students
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