رابطه بین نگرش معلمان در خصوص استفاده از فناوری‌های آموزشی با انگیزه و پیشرفت تحصیلی دانش آموزان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت آموزشی، واحد زاهدان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، زاهدان، ایران

2 استادیارگروه مدیریت آموزشی ، واحد زاهدان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، زاهدان، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، تعیین رابطه نگرش معلمان نسبت به کاربرد فناوری‌های آموزشی در فرآیند تدریس با انگیزه تحصیلی و پیشرفت تحصیلی دانش آموزان بوده است. این پژوهش توصیفی از نوع همبستگی و از نوع مطالعات کاربردی می‌باشد. جامعه آماری شامل کلیه معلمان دوره اول متوسطه شهر میرجاوه به تعداد 286 نفر بود. نمونه آماری با استفاده از فرمول کوکران به تعداد 164 نفر و به شیوه تصادفی ساده انتخاب شدند جهت جمع آوری داده ها از سه پرسشنامه پیشرفت تحصیلی اسدی گنجی(1389)، انگیزه تحصیلی رشید(1391) و کاربرد فناوری های آموزشی ستاری(1390) استفاده شده است. روایی صوری ابزار توسط صاحب نظران و متخصصان مورد تأیید قرار گرفته است. پایایی با استفاده از فرمول آلفای کرونباخ به ترتیب برابر 75/0، 78/0 و 71/0 به دست آمد. جهت تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها از ضریب همبستگی پیرسون، آزمون T با دو گروه مستقل و تحلیل واریانس یک طرفه استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که بین نگرش معلمان نسبت به کاربرد فناوری های آموزشی در فرآیند تدریس با انگیزه تحصیلی، پیشرفت تحصیلی و بین انگیزه تحصیلی با پیشرفت تحصیلی دانش آموزان رابطه معناداری وجود دارد و بین نگرش معلمان نسبت به کاربرد فناوری‌های آموزشی در فرآیند تدریس سابقه تدریس تفاوت معنی داری دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship Teachers Attitude toward the Use of Educational Technologies in Teaching Process with Motivation and Academic Achievement

نویسندگان [English]

  • hamidreza teimoury 1
  • Samaneh Salimi 2
1 Department of Education City of Zahedan
چکیده [English]

The purpose of the present study was to determine the relationship between teachers' attitude towards the use of educational technologies in teaching process with academic motivation and academic achievement of students. This is a descriptive correlational and applied study. The statistical population consisted of all teachers of the first high school of Mirjaveh (286). The statistical sample was selected by Cochran formula and 164 individuals were selected through simple random sampling. Three questionnaires of academic achievement (Asadi & Gangi, 2010), academic motivation (Rashid et al, 2012) and educational technology (Satari et al, 2011) were used for data collection. The face validity of the tool has been confirmed by experts and experts. Cronbach's alpha was 0.75, 0.78 and 0.71, respectively. Pearson correlation coefficient, independent t-test and one-way ANOVA were used to analyze the data. The results showed that there is a significant relationship between teachers' attitude towards the use of educational technologies in teaching process with academic motivation, academic achievement and between educational attitudes and students' academic achievement, and between teachers' attitude towards the use of educational technologies in teaching process, There is no difference in gender and field of instruction, but there is a significant difference in teaching history.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • educational technologies
  • teaching processو Academic Motivation
  • Academic Achievement
[1]Adeyemi T. O., & Olaleye, F. O. (2010). Information communication and technology for the effective management of secondary schools for sustainable development in Ekiti State, Nigeria. American-Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research, 5(2), 106-113.##[2]Aghili, M., & Fotouhnia, M. (2014) The Impact of Smart Technology (Classroom Equipped with Smart Board) on the Motivation and Academic Achievement of Male High School Students in Gonbadkavus. Academic Journal of E-Learning, 5(3), Fall 2014. (in Persian).##[3]Alavi Rad, A., & Nasirzadeh, H. (2001) Investigating the Relationship between Human Capital and Economic Progress in the Iranian Economy, Journal of Political and Economic Information, 16 (4), 45-67. (in Persian).##[4]Al-Juda, Mefleh Qublan B. (2017). Distance Learning Students' Evaluation of ELearning System in University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Education and Learning. 6, 4, 324-335.##[5]Almekhlafi, A. (2006). The effect of computer assisted language learning (CALL) on United Arab Emirates EFL school students, achievement and attitude. Interactive Learning Research, 17(2), 121-142.##[6]Alzu'bi, M. A. M. (2018). The Degree of Applying E-Learning in English Departments at Al-Balqa Applied University from Instructors' Perspectives. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology-TOJET, 17(1), 192-196.##[7]Asadi Ganji, M & Khoshnood Khannachah, M. (2011). Nteractions between ICT and Entrepreneurship (Full Article). National Conference on Knowledge-Based Entrepreneurship and Business Management. (in Persian).##[8]Ayati, M., & Rostami, M. (2011). Using secondary and high school teachers of basic sciences of information and communication technology. Educational Technology, 6(2), 127-134. (in Persian).##[9]Azizi Nejad, B., & Allah Karami, F. (2018). Comparing the effect of ICT-based education with traditional education on students' academic enthusiasm. Journal of Educational Technology, 13(2), 339-348. .(in Persian).##[10]Daeizadeh, H., Fallah, V., Housainzadeh, B., & Housainpour, H. A. (2010). Theeffect of information and communication thecnology on the skills of the third gradeof high-school students. The Sociology of the Youth Students, 3(9), 75-92. (in Persian).##[11]Emadi, S. R & Yekta, S. (2016) The Impact of Teacher-Student-Based Multimedia Education on Motivation and Academic Achievement. New Approach in Educational Management, 7(2). Summer 95. (in Persian).##[12]Enabulele, J. E., & Obuekwe, O. N. (2017). Prevalence of caries and cervical resorption on adjacent second molar associated with impacted third molar. Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery, medicine, and pathology, 29(4), 301-305.##[13]Eskandari, P. (2017). The Challenges of New Academic Leadership and Tackling the Challenges, Journal of Psychology and Educational Sciences, 19, 49-63.(in Persian).##[14]Ghaffari, Z. (2009). Information Technology in Education and Training. Resalat Newspaper, 42-67. https://www.magiran.com/article/1881114 Available on the website (in Persian). ##[15]Ghavifekr, S., & Rosdy, W.A.W. (2015). Teaching and learning with technology: Effectiveness of ICT integration in schools. International Journal of Research in Education and Science (IJRES), 1(2), 175-191.##[16]Homaee, M. (2013). Investigating the effectiveness of the educational software on the empirical sciences on learning and recalling of fifth grade elementary school students in Sari. Masters Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Sari Branch. (in Persian).##[17]Maleki, H., & Garmayi, H. (2009). The Use of Information and Communication Thechnology in Elementary Lesson Plan from Teachers in Tehran Elementary Scholls point of view. Educational Inovations, 8(31). 37-42. (in Persian).##[18]Mansouri, W., & Zolghadri, P. (2015) Investigating Teachers' Attitude Towards Applying ICT in Education Process, Educational Research, No. 30, Spring and Summer 2015. (in Persian).##[19]Mesila, V. (2015). Teacher Readingss and Information and Communications Technology (ICT( Use in Classrooms: A South African Case Study. Creative Education, 6, 1973-1981.##[20]Muyinda, P. B. (2007). MLearning: Pedagogical, Technical and Organizational Hypes and Realities. Campus- Wide Information Systems, 24(2), 97-104.##[21]Najafi, H., Farajolahi, M., Norzzade, R., & Sarmadi, M R. (2014). Faztors influencing remote education technology integration in classroom pattern design. Research in curriculum planning journal. Khorasgan (Isfahan) Islamic Azad university 11th Y. 2nd course, 110-118. (in Persian).##[22]Najafi, H., Farajolahi, M. ,Norzzade, R., & Sarmadi, M R (2014). Factors influencing remote educitionan technology integration in classroom & pattern design fr it. Research in curriculum planning journal. Khorsgan (Isfahan) Islamic Azad unidersity 11th Y, 2nd course,PP.110-118(in Persian).##[23]Raeisi Dana, F L., & Vafaei, M. (2011). Education Planning. Educational Technology Growth Monthly, 1, 38-46. (in Persian).##[24]Rajabi, M.(2014).Comparing the motivation of progress, self-regulation and academic achievement of third-grade math students of Hamedan's Intelligent and Normal schools in the academic year 1392-1391. Summer School of Arak.(in Persian).##[25]Rasoulzadeh, B. (2008). A Comparative Study of the Impact of Assisted Education , Traditional Methods on Academic Achievement of Students of Payam Noor Starah Branch in Academic Year 2007-2008. nniversary Conference of Founding Payam Noor University: 2008, Volume -umber 20; From page 151 to page 161. (in Persian).##[26]Sattari, S., Namvar, Y., & Haj nazari, Y. (2012) The Relationship between Familiarity and Application of Information and Communication Technology with Academic Achievement in High School Students in Harris. Journal of Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, 3(2), Winter 2012, pp.85-103. (in Persian).##[27]Sattari, S., & Mohammadi, P. (2011) Investigating the Relationship between Information Technology Use and Educational Success in High School Students. Journal of Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, 1(4), Summer 2011. (in Persian).##[28]Shapley, K, Sheehan, D, Maloney, C., & Caranikas-Walker, F. (2011). Effects of Technology Immersion on Middle School Students' Learning Opportunities and Achievement. Journal Of Educational Research, 104(5), 299-315. Retrieved December 30, 2014. ##[29]Shariatmadari, M., & Aghajani, M. (2015). The relationship between teachers literacy of information and communication technology with academic achievement of fifth grade student in Tehran. Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, 6(21), 55-70. (in Persian).##[30]Taghvaie, M Akbari, M. (2010). level of Using Information and Comminication Teachnology in Educational and Research Fields (Case Study: Isfahan University). Journal of Applied Sociology. 21(2). 19-34.##[31]Tondeur, J., van Braak, J., & Valcke, M. (2007). Curriculam and the use of ICT in education. British Journal of Educational Technology, 38, 962-975.##[32]Zakeri, A., Haji Khaju Lu, S., Afarai, H., & Zangouei, S. (2011) Investigating Teachers' Attitude toward the Use of Educational Technologies in the Teaching Process. Journal of Educational Technology Research, 6(2), PP. 159-165. (in Persian).##[33]Zameni, F, Nasimi, A, Rezaei Rad, M., & Ghanbarpor Joibari, M. (2011) The Impact of Using Multimedia Software in Sociology Course on Academic Achievement of Students in Jouybar City. Journal of Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, Second Year, Issue 2, Winter 2011. (in Persian).
[1]Adeyemi T. O., & Olaleye, F. O. (2010). Information communication and technology for the effective management of secondary schools for sustainable development in Ekiti State, Nigeria. American-Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research, 5(2), 106-113.##[2]Aghili, M., & Fotouhnia, M. (2014) The Impact of Smart Technology (Classroom Equipped with Smart Board) on the Motivation and Academic Achievement of Male High School Students in Gonbadkavus. Academic Journal of E-Learning, 5(3), Fall 2014. (in Persian).##[3]Alavi Rad, A., & Nasirzadeh, H. (2001) Investigating the Relationship between Human Capital and Economic Progress in the Iranian Economy, Journal of Political and Economic Information, 16 (4), 45-67. (in Persian).##[4]Al-Juda, Mefleh Qublan B. (2017). Distance Learning Students' Evaluation of ELearning System in University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Education and Learning. 6, 4, 324-335.##[5]Almekhlafi, A. (2006). The effect of computer assisted language learning (CALL) on United Arab Emirates EFL school students, achievement and attitude. Interactive Learning Research, 17(2), 121-142.##[6]Alzu'bi, M. A. M. (2018). The Degree of Applying E-Learning in English Departments at Al-Balqa Applied University from Instructors' Perspectives. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology-TOJET, 17(1), 192-196.##[7]Asadi Ganji, M & Khoshnood Khannachah, M. (2011). Nteractions between ICT and Entrepreneurship (Full Article). National Conference on Knowledge-Based Entrepreneurship and Business Management. (in Persian).##[8]Ayati, M., & Rostami, M. (2011). Using secondary and high school teachers of basic sciences of information and communication technology. Educational Technology, 6(2), 127-134. (in Persian).##[9]Azizi Nejad, B., & Allah Karami, F. (2018). Comparing the effect of ICT-based education with traditional education on students' academic enthusiasm. Journal of Educational Technology, 13(2), 339-348. .(in Persian).##[10]Daeizadeh, H., Fallah, V., Housainzadeh, B., & Housainpour, H. A. (2010). Theeffect of information and communication thecnology on the skills of the third gradeof high-school students. The Sociology of the Youth Students, 3(9), 75-92. (in Persian).##[11]Emadi, S. R & Yekta, S. (2016) The Impact of Teacher-Student-Based Multimedia Education on Motivation and Academic Achievement. New Approach in Educational Management, 7(2). Summer 95. (in Persian).##[12]Enabulele, J. E., & Obuekwe, O. N. (2017). Prevalence of caries and cervical resorption on adjacent second molar associated with impacted third molar. Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery, medicine, and pathology, 29(4), 301-305.##[13]Eskandari, P. (2017). The Challenges of New Academic Leadership and Tackling the Challenges, Journal of Psychology and Educational Sciences, 19, 49-63.(in Persian).##[14]Ghaffari, Z. (2009). Information Technology in Education and Training. Resalat Newspaper, 42-67.  ##[15]Ghavifekr, S., & Rosdy, W.A.W. (2015). Teaching and learning with technology: Effectiveness of ICT integration in schools. International Journal of Research in Education and Science (IJRES), 1(2), 175-191.##[16]Homaee, M. (2013). Investigating the effectiveness of the educational software on the empirical sciences on learning and recalling of fifth grade elementary school students in Sari. Masters Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Sari Branch. (in Persian).##[17]Maleki, H., & Garmayi, H. (2009). The Use of Information and Communication Thechnology in Elementary Lesson Plan from Teachers in Tehran Elementary Scholls point of view. Educational Inovations, 8(31). 37-42. (in Persian).##[18]Mansouri, W., & Zolghadri, P. (2015) Investigating Teachers' Attitude Towards Applying ICT in Education Process, Educational Research, No. 30, Spring and Summer 2015. (in Persian).##[19]Mesila, V. (2015). Teacher Readingss and Information and Communications Technology (ICT( Use in Classrooms: A South African Case Study. Creative Education, 6, 1973-1981.##[20]Muyinda, P. B. (2007). MLearning: Pedagogical, Technical and Organizational Hypes and Realities. Campus- Wide Information Systems, 24(2), 97-104.##[21]Najafi, H., Farajolahi, M., Norzzade, R., & Sarmadi, M R. (2014). Faztors influencing remote education technology integration in classroom pattern design. Research in curriculum planning journal. Khorasgan (Isfahan) Islamic Azad university 11th Y. 2nd course, 110-118. (in Persian).##[22]Najafi, H., Farajolahi, M. ,Norzzade, R., & Sarmadi, M R (2014). Factors influencing remote educitionan technology integration in classroom & pattern design fr it. Research in curriculum planning journal. Khorsgan (Isfahan) Islamic Azad unidersity 11th Y, 2nd course,PP.110-118(in Persian).##[23]Raeisi Dana, F L., & Vafaei, M. (2011). Education Planning. Educational Technology Growth Monthly, 1, 38-46. (in Persian).##[24]Rajabi, M.(2014).Comparing the motivation of progress, self-regulation and academic achievement of third-grade math students of Hamedan's Intelligent and Normal schools in the academic year 1392-1391. Summer School of Arak.(in Persian).##[25]Rasoulzadeh, B. (2008). A Comparative Study of the Impact of Assisted Education , Traditional Methods on Academic Achievement of Students of Payam Noor Starah Branch in Academic Year 2007-2008. nniversary Conference of Founding Payam Noor University: 2008, Volume -umber 20; From page 151 to page 161. (in Persian).##[26]Sattari, S., Namvar, Y., & Haj nazari, Y. (2012) The Relationship between Familiarity and Application of Information and Communication Technology with Academic Achievement in High School Students in Harris. Journal of Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, 3(2), Winter 2012, pp.85-103. (in Persian).##[27]Sattari, S., & Mohammadi, P. (2011) Investigating the Relationship between Information Technology Use and Educational Success in High School Students. Journal of Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, 1(4), Summer 2011. (in Persian).##[28]Shapley, K, Sheehan, D, Maloney, C., & Caranikas-Walker, F. (2011). Effects of Technology Immersion on Middle School Students' Learning Opportunities and Achievement. Journal Of Educational Research, 104(5), 299-315. Retrieved December 30, 2014. ##[29]Shariatmadari, M., & Aghajani, M. (2015). The relationship between teachers literacy of information and communication technology with academic achievement of fifth grade student in Tehran. Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, 6(21), 55-70. (in Persian).##[30]Taghvaie, M Akbari, M. (2010). level of Using Information and Comminication Teachnology in Educational and Research Fields (Case Study: Isfahan University). Journal of Applied Sociology. 21(2). 19-34.##[31]Tondeur, J., van Braak, J., & Valcke, M. (2007). Curriculam and the use of ICT in education. British Journal of Educational Technology, 38, 962-975.##[32]Zakeri, A., Haji Khaju Lu, S., Afarai, H., & Zangouei, S. (2011) Investigating Teachers' Attitude toward the Use of Educational Technologies in the Teaching Process. Journal of Educational Technology Research, 6(2), PP. 159-165. (in Persian).##[33]Zameni, F, Nasimi, A, Rezaei Rad, M., & Ghanbarpor Joibari, M. (2011) The Impact of Using Multimedia Software in Sociology Course on Academic Achievement of Students in Jouybar City. Journal of Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, Second Year, Issue 2, Winter 2011. (in Persian).
[1]Adeyemi, T. O. & Olaleye, F. O. (2010). Information communication and technology for the effective management of secondary schools for sustainable development in Ekiti State, Nigeria. American-Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research, 5(2), 106-113.##[2]Aghili, M. & Fotouhnia, M. (2014) The Impact of Smart Technology (Classroom Equipped with Smart Board) on the Motivation and Academic Achievement of Male High School Students in Gonbadkavus. Academic Journal of E-Learning, 5(3), Fall 2014. (in Persian).##[3]Alavi Rad, A. & Nasirzadeh, H. (2001) Investigating the Relationship between Human Capital and Economic Progress in the Iranian Economy, Journal of Political and Economic Information, 16 (4), 45-67. (in Persian).##[4]Al-Juda, Mefleh Qublan B. (2017). Distance Learning Students' Evaluation of ELearning System in University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Education and Learning. 6, 4, 324-335.##[5]Almekhlafi, A. (2006). The effect of computer assisted language learning (CALL) on United Arab Emirates EFL school students, achievement and attitude. Interactive Learning Research, 17(2), 121-142.##[6]Alzu'bi, M. A. M. (2018). The Degree of Applying E-Learning in English Departments at Al-Balqa Applied University from Instructors' Perspectives. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology-TOJET, 17(1), 192-196.##[7]Asadi Ganji, M. & Khoshnood Khannachah, M. (2011). Nteractions between ICT and Entrepreneurship (Full Article). National Conference on Knowledge-Based Entrepreneurship and Business Management. (in Persian).##[8]Ayati, M., & Rostami, M. (2011). Using secondary and high school teachers of basic sciences of information and communication technology. Educational Technology, 6(2), 127-134. (in Persian).##[9]Azizi Nejad, B. & Allah Karami, F. (2018). Comparing the effect of ICT-based education with traditional education on students' academic enthusiasm. Journal of Educational Technology, 13(2), 339-348. .(in Persian).##[10]Daeizadeh, H., Fallah, V., Housainzadeh, B., & Housainpour, H. A. (2010). Theeffect of information and communication thecnology on the skills of the third gradeof high-school students. The Sociology of the Youth Students, 3(9), 75-92. (in Persian).##[11]Emadi, S. R & Yekta, S. (2016) The Impact of Teacher-Student-Based Multimedia Education on Motivation and Academic Achievement. New Approach in Educational Management, 7(2). Summer 95. (in Persian).##[12]Enabulele, J. E., & Obuekwe, O. N. (2017). Prevalence of caries and cervical resorption on adjacent second molar associated with impacted third molar. Journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery, medicine, and pathology, 29(4), 301-305.##[13]Eskandari, P. (2017). The Challenges of New Academic Leadership and Tackling the Challenges, Journal of Psychology and Educational Sciences, 19, 49-63.(in Persian).##[14]Ghaffari, Z. (2009). Information Technology in Education and Training. Resalat Newspaper, 42-67.  ##[15]Ghavifekr, S. & Rosdy, W.A.W. (2015). Teaching and learning with technology: Effectiveness of ICT integration in schools. International Journal of Research in Education and Science (IJRES), 1(2), 175-191.##[16]Homaee, M. (2013). Investigating the effectiveness of the educational software on the empirical sciences on learning and recalling of fifth grade elementary school students in Sari. Masters Thesis, Islamic Azad University, Sari Branch. (in Persian).##[17]Maleki, H. & Garmayi, H. (2009). The Use of Information and Communication Thechnology in Elementary Lesson Plan from Teachers in Tehran Elementary Scholls point of view. Educational Inovations, 8(31). 37-42. (in Persian).##[18]Mansouri, W. & Zolghadri, P. (2015) Investigating Teachers' Attitude Towards Applying ICT in Education Process, Educational Research, No. 30, Spring and Summer 2015. (in Persian).##[19]Mesila, V. (2015). Teacher Readingss and Information and Communications Technology (ICT( Use in Classrooms: A South African Case Study. Creative Education, 6, 1973-1981.##[20]Muyinda, P. B. (2007). MLearning: Pedagogical, Technical and Organizational Hypes and Realities. Campus- Wide Information Systems, 24(2), 97-104.##[21]Najafi, H., Farajolahi, M., Norzzade, R. & Sarmadi, M R. (2014). Faztors influencing remote education technology integration in classroom pattern design. Research in curriculum planning  journal. Khorasgan (Isfahan) Islamic Azad university 11th Y. 2nd course, 110-118. (in Persian).##[22]Najafi, H., Farajolahi, M. ,Norzzade, R. & Sarmadi, M R (2014). Factors influencing remote educitionan technology integration in classroom & pattern design fr it. Research in curriculum planning journal. Khorsgan (Isfahan) Islamic Azad unidersity 11th Y, 2nd course,PP.110-118(in Persian).##[23]Raeisi Dana, F L., & Vafaei, M. (2011). Education Planning. Educational Technology Growth Monthly, 1, 38-46. (in Persian).##[24]Rajabi, M.(2014).Comparing the motivation of progress, self-regulation and academic achievement of third-grade math students of Hamedan's Intelligent and Normal schools in the academic year 1392-1391. Summer School of Arak.(in Persian).##[25]Rasoulzadeh, B. (2008). A Comparative Study of the Impact of Assisted Education , Traditional Methods on Academic Achievement of Students of Payam Noor Starah Branch in Academic Year 2007-2008. nniversary Conference of Founding Payam Noor University: 2008, Volume -umber 20; From page 151 to page 161. (in Persian).##[26]Sattari, S., Namvar, Y. & Haj nazari, Y. (2012) The Relationship between Familiarity and Application of Information and Communication Technology with Academic Achievement in High School Students in Harris. Journal of Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, 3(2), Winter 2012, pp.85-103. (in Persian).##[27]Sattari, S. & Mohammadi, P. (2011) Investigating the Relationship between Information Technology Use and Educational Success in High School Students. Journal of Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, 1(4), Summer 2011. (in Persian).##[28]Shapley, K, Sheehan, D, Maloney, C., & Caranikas-Walker, F. (2011). Effects of Technology Immersion on Middle School Students' Learning Opportunities and Achievement. Journal Of Educational Research, 104(5), 299-315. Retrieved December 30, 2014. ##[29]Shariatmadari, M., & Aghajani, M. (2015). The relationship between teachers literacy of information and communication technology with academic achievement of fifth grade student in Tehran. Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, 6(21), 55-70. (in Persian).##[30]Taghvaie, M Akbari, M. (2010). level of Using Information and Comminication Teachnology in Educational and Research Fields (Case Study: Isfahan University). Journal of Applied  Sociology. 21(2). 19-34.##[31]Tondeur, J., van Braak, J. & Valcke, M. (2007). Curriculam and the use of ICT in education. British Journal of Educational Technology, 38, 962-975.##[32]Zakeri, A., Haji Khaju Lu, S., Afarai, H. & Zangouei, S. (2011) Investigating Teachers' Attitude toward the Use of Educational Technologies in the Teaching Process. Journal of Educational Technology Research, 6(2), PP. 159-165. (in Persian).##[33]Zameni, F, Nasimi, A, Rezaei Rad, M. & Ghanbarpor Joibari, M. (2011) The Impact of Using Multimedia Software in Sociology Course on Academic Achievement of Students in Jouybar City. Journal of Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, Second Year, Issue 2, Winter 2011. (in Persian).
 
[1]Adeyemi, T. O. & Olaleye, F. O. (2010). Information communication and technology for the effective management of secondary schools for sustainable development in Ekiti State, Nigeria. American-Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research, 5(2), 106-113.##[2]Aghili, M. & Fotouhnia, M. (2014) The Impact of Smart Technology (Classroom Equipped with Smart Board) on the Motivation and Academic Achievement of Male High School Students in Gonbadkavus. Academic Journal of E-Learning, 5(3), Fall 2014. (in Persian).##[3]Alavi Rad, A. & Nasirzadeh, H. (2001) Investigating the Relationship between Human Capital and Economic Progress in the Iranian Economy, Journal of Political and Economic Information, 16 (4), 45-67. (in Persian).##[4]Al-Juda, Mefleh Qublan B. (2017). Distance Learning Students' Evaluation of ELearning System in University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. Journal of Education and Learning. 6, 4, 324-335.##[5]Almekhlafi, A. (2006). The effect of computer assisted language learning (CALL) on United Arab Emirates EFL school students, achievement and attitude. Interactive Learning Research, 17(2), 121-142.##[6]Alzu'bi, M. A. M. (2018). The Degree of Applying E-Learning in English Departments at Al-Balqa Applied University from Instructors' Perspectives. Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology-TOJET, 17(1), 192-196.##[7]Asadi Ganji, M. & Khoshnood Khannachah, M. (2011). Nteractions between ICT and Entrepreneurship (Full Article). National Conference on Knowledge-Based Entrepreneurship and Business Management. (in Persian).##[8]Ayati, M. & Rostami, M. (2011). Using secondary and high school teachers of basic sciences of information and communication technology. Educational Technology, 6(2), 127-134. (in Persian).##[9]Azizi Nejad, B. & Allah Karami, F. (2018). Comparing the effect of ICT-based education with traditional education on students' academic enthusiasm. 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