تحلیل ساختارمند فرهنگ یادگیری الکترونیکی در نظام‌های آموزشی: رویکردی به بحران کووید 19 (مقاله مروری)

نوع مقاله : مقاله مروری

نویسنده

دانشیار،گروه مدیریت آموزشی،‌ واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران

چکیده

هم‌زمان با تغییرات سریع فنون و مهارت‌ها و ظهور پدیده‌های نوین فناوری اطلاعات و تاثیر آن‌ها بر شیوه‌ها و روش‌های زیستن، فرایند آموزش نیز متحول شده است. جهانی شدن و پیشرفت فناوری اطلاعات و ارتباطات همراه با افزایش تنوع ویژگی‌های دانشجویان و تنوع فرهنگی کاربران، مؤسسات آموزشی را به چالش کشیده است. فرهنگ یادگیری الکترونیکی به استفاده از فناوری‌های نوین اطلاعاتی و ارتباطاتی در سازمان اشاره دارد که در قالب مجموعه‌ای از ارز‌ش‌ها، نظام‌ها و عادت‌های سازما‌نی کل سازمان و افراد را برای بهبود بخشیدن مستمر میزان دانش، شایستگی و عملکرد خود حمایت و تشویق می‌نماید. موفقیت در یادگیری الکترونیکی مستلزم تغییر در درک و رفتار یادگیرندگان، برای تغییر در توسعه برنامه درسی آموزشی است. نقش عوامل آموزشی- فرهنگی از مقوله‌های بسیار مهمی است که در طراحی و ایجاد محیط یادگیری به‌ویژه یادگیری الکترونیکی بایستی‌ مورد توجه قرار گیرند؛ بر این اساس و با توجه به تحولات نظام‌های آموزشی در قرن بیست و یکم و بروز بحران‌های تأثیر‌گذار بر سیستم‌های آموزشی از جمله بحران بیماری کووید 19، که یادگیری الکترونیکی را به الزامی بی‌بدیل در نظام آموزشی تبدیل ساخته است، این مطالعه به‌‌منظور تحلیل ساختارمند فرهنگ یادگیری الکترونیکی در نظام‌های آموزشی با رویکردی به بحران کووید 19 انجام گردید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Structured Analysis of E-Learning Culture in Educational Systems: An Approach to the Covid Crisis 19 (Review)

نویسنده [English]

  • maryam taghvaeeyazdi
Faculty Member, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
چکیده [English]

Along with the rapid changes in techniques and skills and the emergence of new phenomena of information technology and their impact on lifestyles, the educational process has also changed. The globalization and advancement of information and communication technology, along with the increasing diversity of student characteristics and cultural diversity of users, has challenged educational institutions. E-learning culture refers to the use of new information and communication technologies in the organization, which in the form of a set of values, systems and organizational habits of the entire organization and individuals to continuously improve the rate. Supports and encourages knowledge, competence and performance. Success in e-learning requires a change in learners' perceptions and behaviors to change the development of the curriculum. The role of educational-cultural factors in designing and creating a learning environment, especially e-learning, should be considered; Accordingly, and considering the changes in educational systems in the 21st century and the emergence of crises affecting educational systems, including the crisis of Covid 19 disease, which has made e-learning an indispensable requirement in the educational system. This study was conducted to structurally analyze the culture of e-learning in educational systems with an approach to the Covid 19 crisis.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • E-learning culture
  • educational systems
  • Covid crisis 19
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