اثربخشی آموزش دلبستگی محور به شیوه پسخوراند ویدئویی بر پیوند والدینی و نارسایی هیجانی کودکان دارای اختلال رفتاری

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، گروه روانشناسی، واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران

2 استادیار، گروه روان‌شناسی، واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه روانشناسی، واحد ساری، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، ساری، ایران

چکیده

  هدف پژوهش، بررسی اثربخشی آموزش دلبستگی محور به شیوه پسخوراند ویدئویی بر پیوند والدینی و نارسایی هیجانی کودکان دارای اختلال رفتاری بوده است. روش این پژوهش نیمه آزمایشی با طرح پیش آزمون-پس آزمون و گروه کنترل بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش کودکان 10 تا 12 سال مبتلا به اختلالات رفتاری (طبق تشخیص روانشناسان کودک یا روانپزشکان اطفال شهر ساری) و والدین آنها بودند که به مراکز مشاوره تحت نظارت بهزیستی ساری مراجعه کردند. تعداد 20 نمونه (شامل 20 کودک و یکی از والدین آنها) در دو گروه 10 نفره به شیوه هدفمند بر اساس معیارهای ورود و خروج انتخاب شدند. ابزارهای گردآوری داده‌ها شامل پرسش‌نامه اختلال رفتاری کودکان راتر (1994)، آزمون نقاشی آدمک گودیناف (1920) ، پرسش‌نامه پیوند والدینی پیانتا (1994) و پرسش‌نامه نارسایی هیجانی تورنتو (2005) بود. یافتههای پژوهش با استفاده از آزمون تحلیل کوواریانس نشان داد که بین گروه‌های آزمایش و کنترل در پس آزمون متغیرهای پژوهش تفاوت معنا داری وجود دارد و آموزش دلبستگی محور به شیوه پسخوراند ویدئویی توانسته است پیوند والدینی و مؤلفه‌های آن را در کودکان دارای اختلال رفتاری بهبود بخشد
و نارسایی هیجانی و مؤلفه‌های آن را کاهش دهد. می‌توان نتیجه گرفت که از آموزش دلبستگی محور به شیوه پسخوراند ویدئویی می توان به عنوان روشی مؤثر در بهبود پیوند والدینی و کاهش نارسایی هیجانی و مؤلفه‌های آن
را کاهش داد و برای کودکان دارای اختلال رفتاری استفاده نمود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Effectiveness of Attachment-based Training with Video Feedback Method on Parental Bonding and Alexithymia of Children with Behavioral Disorder

نویسندگان [English]

  • Morteza Abbasi 1
  • Seyedeh Olia Emadian 2
  • Ghodratollah Abbasi 3
1 Phd student, Department of Psychology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
2 Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
3 . Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of attachment-based training with video feedback method on parental bonding and alexithymia of children with behavioral disorder. The method of this research was quasi-experimental with pre-test and post-test design and control group. The statistical population of this study was children aged 10 to 12 years with behavioral disorders (according to the diagnosis of child psychologists or psychiatrists in Sari) and their parents who referred to counseling centers under the supervision of Sari Welfare. 20 people (20 children with one of their parents) in 2 groups of 10 people were selected as a purposive sampling method based on entry and exit criteria. Data collection tools included the Rutter Child Behavior Disorder Questionnaire (1994), the Goodenough Draw-a-Person test (1920), Toronto Alexithymia Questionnaire (2005) and the Pianta (1994) Parent-Child Bonding Questionnaire. Findings of the study using MANCOVA showed that there is a significant difference between the experimental and control groups in the post-test of research variables and attachment-based video feedback training has been able to improve parental bonding and its components, and to decrease alexithymia in children with behavioral disorders. It is concluded that attachment-based training can be used as an effective way to improve parental bonding and to decrease alexithymia of children with behavioral disorders.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • attachment-based training
  • video feedback method
  • parental bonding
  • alexithymia
  • behavioral disorder
Adeyemi T.O., & Olaleye, F.O.‌(2010). Information communication and technology for the effective management of secondary schools for sustainable development in Ekiti State, Nigeria. American-Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research, 5(2), 106-113.
Akbari, M., & Sayadpoor, Z. (2018). The Role of Alexithymia and Rumination in Predicting the Life Satisfaction in Obesity Patients. Developmental Psychology: Iranian Psychologists, 15 (57), 59-69.
Allen, Brian., Timmer, Susan G., Urquiza, Anthony, J.‌(2014). Parent–Child Interaction Therapy as an attachment-based intervention: Theoretical rationale and pilot data with adopted children. Children and Youth Services Review, 47 (3), 334-341.
American Psychiatric Association. (2013). The diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-V. Bookpoint: US.
Askari, Maral., Naderi, Farah., Ehteshamzadeh, Parvin., Askari, Parviz., And Heydari, Alireza.‌(2017). The effectiveness of a combination of schema therapy and attachment therapy with mothers on the parent-child relationship. Journal of Pediatric Nursing, 1 (4), 15-7. (in Persian).
Beh Pajooh, Ahmad. (2011). Families and children with special needs. Tehran: Avae Noor Publications. (In Persian). Besharat, M.A. (2013). Toronto Alexithymia Scale: Questionnaire, Instruction and Scoring (Persian Version). Developmental Pschology: Iranian Psychologists, 10 (37), 90-92.
Cassidy, J., Jones, JD., Shaver, PR. (2013). Contributions of attachment theory and research: A framework for future research, translation, and policy. Dev Psychopathol. 25 (402), 1415–1434.
Dehghani Arani, Fatemeh., Besharat, Mohammad Ali., Pourhossein, Reza., Bahrami Ehsan, Hadi., & Agha Mohammadi, Asghar. (2014). The effectiveness of an attachment-based intervention model on health indicators and attachment of children with chronic diseases. Journal of Contemporary Psychology, 9 (2), 16-3. (in Persian).
Diamond, Guy., Russon, Jody., Levy, Suzanne. (2016). Attachment‐Based Family Therapy: A Review of the Empirical Support. Famili proccess, 55 (3), 595-610.
Esturgo-Deu, M. E., Sala-Roca, J.‌(2010). Disruptive behavior of students in primary educa tion and emotional intelligence. Teaching and Teacher Education, 26, 830-837.
Fowler, C. (1998). Increasing adoption opportunities for special needs children: County Department of Family Services. Washington, DC: National Adoption, 4-12.
Galle Girian, Sadigheh., & Deireh, Ezzat.‌(2017). Comparison of the effect of metacognitive therapy and attachment-based therapy on behavioral problems manifested in aggressive children. Journal of Child Mental Health, 4 (1), 34-24.
Gimpel, G. A., & Holland, M. L.‌(2003). The Guilford practical intervention in the schools series. Emotional and behavioral problems of young children: Effective interventions in the preschool and kindergarten years. New York, NY, US: The Guilford Press.
Grey, I.K., & Yates, T.M. (2014). Preschooler narrative representations and childhood adaptation in an ethnoracially diverse sample. Attachment and Human Development, 16 (6): 613-632.
Jahanbakhsh, Marzieh.‌(2012). The effectiveness of attachment-based therapy on mental health in girls with attachment problems. Journal of Principles of Psychology, 14 (54), 151-140. (in Persian).
Jahanbakhsh, Marzieh., Bahadori, Mohammad Hossein., Amiri, Shole; Jamshidi, Azar.‌(2011). The effectiveness of attachment-based therapy on the symptoms of coping disobedience in girls with attachment problems. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 3 (4), 49-41. (in Persian).
Juffer, F., Bakermans-Kranenburg, M. J., & van IJzendoorn, M. H. (2008). Methods of the video-feedback programs to promote positive parenting alone, with sensitive discipline, and with representational attachment discussions.
Kirk, S., Gallagher, G., Coleman, M. R. (2015). Educating Exceptional Children (14th Ed). Cengage Learning, Printed in the United States of America.
Leyton, Fanny., Olhaberry, Marcia., Alvarado, Rubén., Rojas, Graciela., Dueñas, Luis Alberto., Downing, George., & Steele, Howard. (2019). Video feedback intervention to enhance parental reflective functioning in primary caregivers of inpatient psychiatric children: protocol for a randomized feasibility trial. Journal of Medical Case Reports, 20, 268-278.
Marvin, R., Cooper, G., Hoffman, K., & Powell, B. (2002). The circle of security project: Attachment-based intervention with caregiver-preschool child dyads. Attachment and Human Development, 4, 107–124.
Mohammadipour, Mohammad., Mazarei Sotoudeh, Ahmad. (2018). The effectiveness of attachment-based intervention on improving the parent-child relationship and reducing the symptoms of separation anxiety in children aged 7 to 10 years. Journal of Applied Psychology, 46, 242-223. (in Persian).
Mousavi Diva, Razieh., & Mahmoudian Dastnaei, Tahereh. (2016). Investigating the relationship between parental transplantation and body image in obese and overweight people. Iranian Journal of Nursing Research, 12 (6), 72-65. (in Persian).
Myhr, G., Sookman, D., Pinard, G. (2004). Attachment security and parental bonding in adults with obsessive-compulsive disorder: A comparison with depressed out-patients and healthy controls. Acta Psychiatr Scand, 109 (6): 447-56.
Nadali, Hossein., Besharat, Mohammad Ali., Rostami, Reza., & Bahrami Ehsan, Hadi. (2016). The effectiveness of mother-child attachment intervention on increasing the attachment safety of preschool children. Journal of Developmental Psychology, Iranian Psychologists, 12 (4), 354-343. (in Persian).
Pianta, R.C. (1994). Patterns of relationships between children and kindergarten teacher. Journal of school psychology, 32, 15-32.
Porshahriyar, Hossein., Hashemi, Sajjad., Aghaziarti, Ali., Malek Sheikhi, Somayeh. (2017). The effectiveness of rhythmic movement games training on attachment and behavioral disorders of first and second grade male students. Applied Psychology, 11, 4 (44), 533-515. (in Persian).
Pascuzzo, K., Moss, E., Cyr, C. (2015). Attachment and emotion regulation strategies in predicting adult psychopathology. SAGE, 5, 59-72.
Ros, R., Graziano, P.A. (2018). Social functioning in children with or at risk for attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A meta-analytic review. Journal of Clinical Child & Adolescent Psychology, 47 (2), 213-35.
Rutter, M. (1994). A Children’s Behavior Questionnairre for Completion by Teacher. Journal of child psychology and psychiatry, 8, 27-35.
Seyed Mousavi, Parisa., Ghanbari, Saeed., Mazaheri, Mohammad Ali. (2014). The effectiveness of attachment-based intervention with video feedback method on reducing negative representations and separation anxiety in children. Journal of Research (Lorestan University of Medical Sciences), 17 (2), 104-90. (in Persian).
Seyed Mousavi, Parisa., Mazaheri, Ali., Pakdaman, Shahla., Heydari, Mahmoud. (2012). The effectiveness of attachment-based therapy using video feedback method on reducing parental stress and externalization problems in children. Journal of Contemporary Psychology, 8 (1), 46-33. (in Persian).
Seyed Mousavi, Parisa., & Nouri Moghaddam, Sana. (2016). Attachment and Transformational Consequences: The Role of Mental Representations in Predicting Internalization and Externalization Problems in Children. Journal of Transformational Psychology: Iranian Psychologists, 12 (3), 263-251. (in Persian).
Slade, Arietta., & et.al. (2020). Minding the Baby: Enhancing parental reflective functioning and infant attachment in an attachment-based, interdisciplinary home visiting program. Development and Psychopathology, 32 (1), 123-137.
Soltani, Saba. (2020). The effectiveness of hope therapy on happiness, psychological well-being and parent-child relationships in mothers with autistic children. Thesis for Master of Exceptional Child Psychology, Shiraz University. (in Persian).
Talaeinejad, Naeemeh., Mazaheri, Mohammad Ali., & Ghanbari, Saeed. (2016). The effectiveness of mothers' attachment-based group training on reducing the symptoms of separation anxiety in preschool children. Quarterly Journal of Thought and Behavior, 9 (3), 46-37. (in Persian).
Tavakoli, Nazli, Jomehri, Farhad, & Farokhi, Noorali (2015). The relationship between Attachment Styles and Fear of Negative Evaluation with Internet Addiction in students. Information and Communication Technology in Educational Sciences, 5 (2), 61-77. (in Persian).
Thompson, Ross A., & Haskins, Ron. (2014). Early Stress Gets under the Skin: Promising Initiatives to Help Children Facing Chronic Adversity. The Future of Children, 24 (1), 1-8.
Vadoudi, Sajedeh., Qasemzadeh, Oath., Yazdi, Seyedeh Munawwar. (2018). The effectiveness of family-centered intervention on parent-child interactions and externalized problems in children with Down syndrome. Journal of the School of Health and the Institute of Health Research, 16 (3), 268-255. (in Persian).
Van Fleet, R. (2005). Filial therapy: Strengthening parent-child relationship through play. Florida: Proffesional Resource Press.
Waraan, L., Rognli, E.W., Czajkowski, N.O., Aalberg, M., Mehlum, L. (2020). Effectiveness of Attachment-Based Family Therapy compared to Treatment as Usual for Depressed Adolescents in Community Mental Health Clinics. Research Square, 12 Jun 2020, 1-24.
Wiley, A.L., Siperstein, G. N., Forness, S. R., Brigham,. F. J. (2010). School context and the problem behavior and social skills of students with emotional disturbance. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 19, 451–461.